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We investigated the implications of string theory in the high-precision regime of quantum mechanics. In particular, we examined a quantum field theoretical propagator which was derived from string theory when compactified at the T-duality self-dual radius and which is closely related to the path integral duality. Our focus was on the hydrogen ground state energy and the 1S1/2−2S1/2 transition frequency, as they are the most precisely explored properties of the hydrogen atom. The T-duality propagator alters the photon field dynamics leading to a modified Coulomb potential. Thus, our study is complementary to investigations where the electron evolution is modified, as in studies of a minimal length in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle. The first manifestation of the T-duality propagator arises at fourth order in the fine-structure constant, including a logarithmic term. For the first time, constraints on the underlying parameter, the zero-point length, are presented. They reach down to 3.9×10−19m and are in full agreement with previous studies on black holes.

In heavy-ion collisions, the quark-gluon plasma is produced far from equilibrium. This regime is currently inaccessible by direct quantum chromodynamics (QCD) computations. In a holographic context, we propose a general method to characterize transport properties based on well-defined two-point functions. We calculate shear transport and entropy far from equilibrium, defining a time-dependent ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density, . Large deviations from its near-equilibrium value , up to a factor of 2.5, are found for realistic situations at the Large Hadron Collider. We predict the far-from-equilibrium time-dependence of to substantially affect the evolution of the QCD plasma and to impact the extraction of QCD properties from flow coefficients in heavy-ion collision data.

In this letter we present some stringy corrections to black hole spacetimes emerging from string T-duality. As a first step, we derive the static Newtonian potential by exploiting the relation between the T-duality and the path integral duality. We show that the intrinsic non-perturbative nature of stringy corrections introduces an ultraviolet cutoff known as zero-point length in the path integral duality literature. As a result, the static potential is found to be regular. We use this result to derive a consistent black hole metric for the spherically symmetric, electrically neutral case. It turns out that the new spacetime is regular and is formally equivalent to the Bardeen metric, apart from a different ultraviolet regulator. On the thermodynamics side, the Hawking temperature admits a maximum before a cooling down phase towards a thermodynamically stable end of the black hole evaporation process. The findings support the idea of universality of quantum black holes.

In the present work we study the effect of unparticle modified static potentials on the energy levels of the hydrogen atom. By using Rayleigh–Schrödinger perturbation theory, we obtain the energy shift of the ground state and compare it with experimental data. Bounds on the unparticle energy scale U as a function of the scaling dimension and the coupling constant λ are derived. We show that there exists a parameter region where bounds on U ar are stringent, signaling that unparticles could be tested in atomic physics experiments.

We investigate the early time dynamics of heavy ion collisions studying the time evolution of the energy-momentum tensor as well as energy-momentum correlations within a uniformly thermalizing holographic QGP. From these quantities, we suggest a far-from equilibrium definition of shear viscosity, which is a crucial property of QCD matter as it significantly determines the generation of elliptic flow already at early times. During an exemplary initial heating phase of the holographic QGP the shear viscosity of entropy density ratio decreases down to 60%, followed by an overshoot to 110% of the near-equilibrium value, η/s=1/(4π). Implications for the QCD QGP are discussed. Subsequently, we consider a holographic QGP which is Bjorken-expanding. Its energy-momentum tensor components have a known hydrodynamic attractor to which all time evolutions collapse independent of the initial conditions. Based on this, we propose a definition for a far from equilibrium speed of sound, and analytically compute its hydrodynamic attractor. Subjecting this Bjorken-expanding plasma to an external magnetic field and an axial chemical potential, we study the chiral magnetic effect far from equilibrium.