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- Updates on the Columbia plot and its extended/alternative versions (2018)
- We report on the status of ongoing investigations aiming at locating the deconfinement critical point with standard Wilson fermions and Nf = 2 flavors towards the continuum limit (standard Columbia plot); locating the tricritical masses at imaginary chemical potential with unimproved staggered fermions at Nf = 2 (extended Columbia plot); identifying the order of the chiral phase transition at μ = 0 for Nf = 2 via extrapolation from non integer Nf (alternative Columbia plot).

- Two-dimensional control of electron localization in H2 dissociation with elliptically polarized few-cycle pulses (2019)
- We demonstrate two-dimensional control over the chargelocalization in H2 dissociation using elliptically polarized laser pulses. The influences of the CEP and the laser phase at the instant of ionization are investigated.

- Twisted mass QCD at finite temperature (2007)
- We discuss the use of Wilson fermions with twisted mass for simulations of QCD thermodynamics. As a prerequisite for a future analysis of the finite-temperature transition making use of automatic O(a) improvement, we investigate the phase structure in the space spanned by the hopping parameter k , the coupling b , and the twisted mass parameter m. We present results for Nf = 2 degenerate quarks on a 163×8 lattice, for which we investigate the possibility of an Aoki phase existing at strong coupling and vanishing m, as well as of a thermal phase transition at moderate gauge couplings and non-vanishing m.

- Tuning of the new 4-rod RFQ for FNAL (2011)
- For the injector upgrade at FNAL a 4-rod Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) with a resonance frequency of 200 MHz has been build. With this short structure of only 1.3 m a very compact injector design has been realized. Simulations with CST Microwave Studio® were performed for the design. Their results leading to the RF characterizations of the RFQ and the final RF setup which has been accomplished at IAP of the Goethe-University Frankfurt are presented in this paper.

- Transition from ideal to viscous Mach cones in a partonic transport model (2013)
- Using a partonic transport model we investigate the evolution of conical structures in ultrarelativistic matter. Using two different source terms and varying the transport properties of the matter we study the formation of Mach Cones. Furthermore, in an additional study we extract the two-particle correlations from the numerical calculations and compare them to an analytical approximation. The influence of the viscosity to the shape of Mach Cones and the corresponding two-particle correlations is studied by adjusting the cross section of the medium.

- Towards the Nf = 2 deconfinement transition temperature with O(a) improved Wilson fermions (2010)
- A lot of effort in lattice simulations over the last years has been devoted to studies of the QCD deconfinement transition. Most state-of-the-art simulations use rooted staggered fermions, while Wilson fermions are affected by large systematic uncertainties, such as coarse lattices or heavy sea quarks. Here we report on an ongoing study of the transition, using two degenerate flavours of nonperturbatively O(a) improved Wilson fermions. We start with Nt = 12 and 16 lattices and pion masses of 600 to 450 MeV, aiming at chiral and continuum limits with light quarks.

- Towards finite density QCD with Taylor expansions (2011)
- We analyze general convergence properties of the Taylor expansion of observables to finite chemical potential in the framework of an effective 2+1 flavor Polyakov-quark-meson model. To compute the required higher order coefficients a novel technique based on algorithmic differentiation has been developed. Results for thermodynamic observables as well as the phase structure obtained through the series expansion up to 24th order are compared to the full model solution at finite chemical potential. The available higher order coefficients also allow for resummations, e.g. Padé series, which improve the convergence behavior. In view of our results we discuss the prospects for locating the QCD phase boundary and a possible critical endpoint with the Taylor expansion method.

- Towards corrections to the strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD : the XXIX International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory - Lattice 2011, July 10 - 16, 2011, Squaw Valley, Lake Tahoe, California (2011)
- We report on the first steps of an ongoing project to add gauge observables and gauge corrections to the well-studied strong coupling limit of staggered lattice QCD, which has been shown earlier to be amenable to numerical simulations by the worm algorithm in the chiral limit and at finite density. Here we show how to evaluate the expectation value of the Polyakov loop in the framework of the strong coupling limit at finite temperature, allowing to study confinement properties along with those of chiral symmetry breaking. We find the Polyakov loop to rise smoothly, thus signalling deconfinement. The non-analytic nature of the chiral phase transition is reflected in the derivative of the Polyakov loop. We also discuss how to construct an effective theory for non-zero lattice coupling, which is valid to O(b).

- Towards a determination of the chiral critical surface of QCD (2009)
- The chiral critical surface is a surface of second order phase transitions bounding the region of first order chiral phase transitions for small quark masses in the fmu;d;ms;mg parameter space. The potential critical endpoint of the QCD (T;m)-phase diagram is widely expected to be part of this surface. Since for m = 0 with physical quark masses QCD is known to exhibit an analytic crossover, this expectation requires the region of chiral transitions to expand with m for a chiral critical endpoint to exist. Instead, on coarse Nt = 4 lattices, we find the area of chiral transitions to shrink with m, which excludes a chiral critical point for QCD at moderate chemical potentials mB < 500 MeV. First results on finer Nt = 6 lattices indicate a curvature of the critical surface consistent with zero and unchanged conclusions. We also comment on the interplay of phase diagrams between the Nf = 2 and Nf = 2+1 theories and its consequences for physical QCD.

- Toward a QFT treatment of nonexponential decay (2018)
- We study the properties of the survival probability of an unstable quantum state described by a Lee Hamiltonian. This theoretical approach resembles closely Quantum Field Theory (QFT): one can introduce in a rather simple framework the concept of propagator and Feynman rules, Within this context, we re-derive (in a detailed and didactical way) the well-known result according to which the amplitude of the survival probability is the Fourier transform of the energy distribution (or spectral function) of the unstable state (in turn, the energy distribution is proportional to the imaginary part of the propagator of the unstable state). Typically, the survival probability amplitude is the starting point of many studies of non-exponential decays. This work represents a further step toward the evaluation of the survival probability amplitude in genuine relativistic QFT. However, although many similarities exist, QFT presents some differences w.r.t. the Lee Hamiltonian which should be studied in the future.