Systematic revision of the American taxa belonging to the genera Alloblackburneus Bordat, 2009, and Blackburneus Schmidt, 1913, with description of seven new species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae)
Robert D. Gordon
- The American species belonging to the genera Alloblackburneus Bordat and Blackburneus Schmidt
(Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) are redescribed and figured. Seven new species are described:
Alloblackburneus guadalajarae, A. ibanezbernali; Blackburneus amazonicus, B. sanfilippoi, B. surinamensis, B.
teposcolulaensis, B. thomasi. The neotype of Scarabaeus rubeolus Palisot de Beauvois, 1809 is designated. The
lectotype of Blackburneus argentinensis (Schmidt, 1909) and of Blackburneus laxepunctatus (Schmidt, 1910) are
designated. The following new combinations are proposed: Alloblackburneus aegrotus (Horn, 1870);
Alloblackburneus cavidomus (Brown, 1927); Alloblackburneus cynomysi (Brown, 1927); Alloblackburneus fordi (Gordon,
1974); Alloblackburneus geomysi (Cartwright, 1939); Alloblackburneus lentus (Horn, 1870); Alloblackburneus
rubeolus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1805); Alloblackburneus saylori (Hinton, 1934); Alloblackburneus tenuistriatus (Horn,
1887); Alloblackburneus troglodytes (Hubbard, 1894).
The first vouchered milliped records for Prince Edward Island and additional new records from the Maritime Provinces of Canada (Arthropoda: Diplopoda)
Rowland M. Shelley
Mary E. Smith
- Four milliped species, substantiated by preserved voucher samples, are reported from Prince Edward
Island, Canada. All are introduced European species that now occur widely in both Canada and the United States,
and the panglobal Asian paradoxosomatid, Oxidus gracilis (C. L. Koch, 1847), is listed as probable. Choneiulus
palmatus (Némec, 1895) (Julida: Blaniulidae) is newly recorded from New Brunswick, and four representatives
of the Julidae are cited from Nova Scotia. Discovery of Cylindroiulus punctatus (Leach, 1815) (Julidae) in this
province constitutes the second record from both Canada and North America, the other being in Newfoundland.
Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Puerto Rico, West Indies
James M. Carpenter
Julio A. Genaro
- The vespid fauna of Greater Puerto Rico is reviewed (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Three new species are
described, Ancistrocerus isla Carpenter, Euodynerus jeitita Carpenter and Genaro, and Omicron aridum Carpenter
and Genaro. Polistes crinitus americanus (Fabricius, 1775) and P. crinitus multicolor (Olivier, 1792) are both
reduced to synonyms of nominotypical P. crinitus (Felton, 1765), revised status; Zeta abdominale hispaniolae
(Bequaert and Salt, 1931) and Zeta abdominale ornatum (de Saussure, 1855) are both reduced to synonyms of
nominotypical Zeta abdominale (Drury, 1770), revised status; and Zethus rufinodus monensis Bohart and Stange,
1965, and Zethus rufinodus virginicus Bohart and Stange, 1965, are both reduced to synonyms of nominotypical
Zethus rufinodus (Latreille, 1806), revised status. Parancistrocerus obliquus (Cresson, 1865) is newly recorded
from Puerto Rico. The presence of Pachodynerus guadulpensis (de Saussure, 1853) in Puerto Rico is confirmed. An
analysis of the composition of the Puerto Rican vespid fauna is presented.
A new Nearctic species of Placonotus MacLeay (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae)
Michael C. Thomas
- Placonotus falinorum Thomas, new species (Coleoptera: Laemophloeidae), is described from Kansas.
Habitus and genitalic details are illustrated and the species is distinguished from other New World members of
the genus. Placonotus maya Thomas is newly recorded from Honduras.
A review and clarification of the alticine genera Hemiphrynus Horn 1889 and Phrynocepha Baly 1861 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Alticini)
Arthur J. Gilbert
- The alticine genera Hemiphrynus Horn 1889 and Phrynocepha Baly 1861 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) are reviewed and their status clarified. Both genera and all previously known species are redescribed. Four new species of Hemiphrynus are described: H. barri, H. corrugatus, H. smithi, and H. sydneyae. Six new species of Phrynocepha are described: P. australis, P. kendrae, P. marciae, P. natalieae, P. pseudocapitata, and P. pueblae. The following new combination is proposed: Hemiphrynus elongatus (Jacoby 1884) transferred from Phrynocepha. Hemiphrynus sulcatipennis Jacoby 1891 and H. tenuicornis Jacoby 1891 are reinstated in Hemiphrynus, incertae sedis. Hemiphrynus elongatus is recorded from New Mexico, a new record for the United States. Lectotypes are here designated for the following species: H. elongatus, H. intermedius (Jacoby 1884), H. sulcatipennis, H. tenuicornis, P. capitata Jacoby 1884, P. deyrollei Baly 1876, and P. pulchella Baly 1861. A key to differentiate the two genera and keys to the species in both genera are provided. Host records are given for a few species of both Hemiphrynus and Phrynocepha. Distribution maps are presented for all species.
First records of the grasshopper Machaerocera mexicana Saussure, 1859 (Orthoptera: Acrididae) from the United States and Sonora, Mexico
Robert A. Behrstock
Patrick H. Sullivan
- The grasshopper Machaerocera mexicana Saussure (Orthoptera: Acrididae) is added to the orthopteran faunas of the United States and Sonora, Mexico. Notes are presented on habitat and seasonality.
A New Genus and Species of North American Robsonomyiini (Diptera: Sciaroidea: Keroplatidae: Macrocerinae) from the Florida Keys
Edward I. Coher
- A second genus and species of Nearctic keroplatid fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaroidea: Keroplatidae: Macrocerinae) attributed to the tribe Robsonomyiini is described: Calusamyia hribari Coher, n. gen., n. sp.. The relationship of this fly from the Florida Keys with Asian genera and species and the single Nearctic described form of the robsonomyiines is briefly discussed.
Two new Neotropical species of Telephanus Erichson near T. serratus Nevermann (Coleoptera: Silvanidae)
Michael C. Thomas
- The Mesoamerican species of Telephanus distinguished by the presence eight lateral pronotal spines
and long temples are reviewed. The group includes T. serratus Nevermann and two previously undescribed species
that are described herein: T. bellus Thomas, new species, from Costa Rica, and the flightless T. monstrosus
Thomas, new species, from Mexico.
The Milliped order Glomeridesmida (Diplopoda: Pentazonia: Limacomorpha) in Oceania, the East Indies, and southeastern Asia; first records from Palau, the Philippines, Vanuatu, New Britain, the Island of New Guinea, Cambodia, Thailand, and Borneo and Sulawesi, Indonesia
Rowland M. Shelley
- The taxonomically neglected milliped order Glomeridesmida and family Glomeridesmidae (infraclass
Pentazonia, superorder Limacomorpha) inhabit 21, rather than seven, regions of the world, being newly recorded
from Thailand; Cambodia; the Republics of Palau, the Philippines, and Vanuatu; New Britain, Bismarck Archipelago;
the Island of New Guinea (both West Papua [formerly Irian Jaya], Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea);
and Sulawesi and Borneo, Indonesia. Occurrence in Fiji is confirmed with two additional samples, and discovery is
predicted in southern China, Myanmar, and perhaps Madagascar. Coupled with published localities, these records
suggest subcontinuous (super)ordinal and familial ranges extending some 12,480 km (7,800 mi) southeastward from
northwestern Thailand to Fiji. Though infrequently encountered, the taxa may actually be diverse and abundant
within this area, which encompasses all of the Indochina and Malay peninsulas, the Philippines, Palau, the Island
of Borneo and Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon and Santa Cruz Islands, Vanuatu, and Fiji; it excludes
Taiwan, Australia, New Caledonia, and the Loyalty Islands. The paucity of preserved individuals probably results
from their dark pigmentations and minute sizes, adults being <6.5 mm long; Berlese extractions and sieved litter
techniques are recommended over hand collecting. Glomeridesmida are much more continuous, widespread, and
abundant in the “east” than previously believed and clearly do not comprise a minor, insignificant taxon. The first
glomeridesmidan photos are published.
Two new species of Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) from Mexico
José Monzón Sierra
Jesús García Morales
- Two new species of Chrysina Kirby (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) are described: Chrysina blackalleri from the State of Oaxaca and Chrysina donthomasi from the state of Nuevo León in Mexico.