Phase Ib evaluation of a self-adjuvanted protamine formulated mRNA-based active cancer immunotherapy, BI1361849 (CV9202), combined with local radiation treatment in patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer

  • Background: Preclinical studies demonstrate synergism between cancer immunotherapy and local radiation, enhancing anti-tumor effects and promoting immune responses. BI1361849 (CV9202) is an active cancer immunotherapeutic comprising protamine-formulated, sequence-optimized mRNA encoding six non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-associated antigens (NY-ESO-1, MAGE-C1, MAGE-C2, survivin, 5T4, and MUC-1), intended to induce targeted immune responses. Methods: We describe a phase Ib clinical trial evaluating treatment with BI1361849 combined with local radiation in 26 stage IV NSCLC patients with partial response (PR)/stable disease (SD) after standard first-line therapy. Patients were stratified into three strata (1: non-squamous NSCLC, no epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, PR/SD after ≥4 cycles of platinum- and pemetrexed-based treatment [n = 16]; 2: squamous NSCLC, PR/SD after ≥4 cycles of platinum-based and non-platinum compound treatment [n = 8]; 3: non-squamous NSCLC, EGFR mutation, PR/SD after ≥3 and ≤ 6 months EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment [n = 2]). Patients received intradermal BI1361849, local radiation (4 × 5 Gy), then BI1361849 until disease progression. Strata 1 and 3 also had maintenance pemetrexed or continued EGFR-TKI therapy, respectively. The primary endpoint was evaluation of safety; secondary objectives included assessment of clinical efficacy (every 6 weeks during treatment) and of immune response (on Days 1 [baseline], 19 and 61). Results: Study treatment was well tolerated; injection site reactions and flu-like symptoms were the most common BI1361849-related adverse events. Three patients had grade 3 BI1361849-related adverse events (fatigue, pyrexia); there was one grade 3 radiation-related event (dysphagia). In comparison to baseline, immunomonitoring revealed increased BI1361849 antigen-specific immune responses in the majority of patients (84%), whereby antigen-specific antibody levels were increased in 80% and functional T cells in 40% of patients, and involvement of multiple antigen specificities was evident in 52% of patients. One patient had a partial response in combination with pemetrexed maintenance, and 46.2% achieved stable disease as best overall response. Best overall response was SD in 57.7% for target lesions. Conclusion: The results support further investigation of mRNA-based immunotherapy in NSCLC including combinations with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Trial registration: identifier: NCT01915524.
Author:Alexandros Papachristofilou, Madeleine M. Hipp, Ute Klinkhardt, Martin Früh, Martin Sebastian, Christian Weiß, Miklos Pless, Richard Cathomas, Wolfgang Hilbe, Georg Pall, Thomas Wehler, Jürgen Alt, Helge Bischoff, Michael Geißler, Frank GriesingerGND, Karl-Josef Kallen, Mariola Fotin-Mleczek, Andreas Schröder, Birgit Scheel, Anke Muth, Tobias Seibel, Claudia Stosnach, Fatma Doener, Henoch Sangjoon Hong, Sven D. Koch, Ulrike Gnad-Vogt, Alfred Zippelius
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Contributor(s):Jamie Ashman, Andy Lockley
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2019
Date of first Publication:2019/02/08
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/02/14
Tag:BI1361849; CV9202; Clinical trial; Hypofractionated radiotherapy; Immunomonitoring; Non-small cell lung cancer; mRNA active cancer immunotherapy
Issue:1, Art. 38
Page Number:14
First Page:1
Last Page:14
Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0