Exome sequencing of osteosarcoma reveals mutation signatures reminiscent of BRCA deficiency

  • Osteosarcomas are aggressive bone tumours with a high degree of genetic heterogeneity, which has historically complicated driver gene discovery. Here we sequence exomes of 31 tumours and decipher their evolutionary landscape by inferring clonality of the individual mutation events. Exome findings are interpreted in the context of mutation and SNP array data from a replication set of 92 tumours. We identify 14 genes as the main drivers, of which some were formerly unknown in the context of osteosarcoma. None of the drivers is clearly responsible for the majority of tumours and even TP53 mutations are frequently mapped into subclones. However, >80% of osteosarcomas exhibit a specific combination of single-base substitutions, LOH, or large-scale genome instability signatures characteristic of BRCA1/2-deficient tumours. Our findings imply that multiple oncogenic pathways drive chromosomal instability during osteosarcoma evolution and result in the acquisition of BRCA-like traits, which could be therapeutically exploited.
Author:Michal Kovac, Claudia BlattmannORCiDGND, Sebastian Ribi, Jan Smida, Nikola S. Müller, Florian Engert, Francesc Castro-GinerORCiD, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Monika Kovacova, Andreas Krieg, Dimosthenis AndreouORCiDGND, Per-Ulf Tunn, Hans Roland Dürr, Hans Rechl, Klaus-Dieter SchaserGND, Ingo Melcher, Stefan Burdach, Andreas Kulozik, Katja Specht, Karl Heinimann, Simone FuldaORCiDGND, Stefan S. BielackORCiD, Gernot Jundt, Ian Tomlinson, Jan Oliver KorbelORCiDGND, Michaela Nathrath, Daniel Baumhoer
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26632267
Parent Title (English):Nature Communications
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group UK
Place of publication:[London]
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2015
Date of first Publication:2015/12/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/07/11
Tag:Bone cancer; Cancer genetics; DNA sequencing
Issue:Art. 8940
Page Number:9
First Page:1
Last Page:9
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Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0