Influence of rebubbling on anterior segment parameters and refractive outcomes in eyes with DMEK for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy

  • Purpose: To evaluate the potential impact of rebubbling on the anterior segment parameters and refractive outcomes in patients with graft detachment following uneventful DMEK for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (FED). Methods: Retrospective institutional cohort study of comparing 34 eyes of 31 patients with rebubbling for graft detachment following Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) to 33 eyes of 28 patients with uneventful DMEK. Main outcome parameters were various corneal parameters obtained by Scheimpflug imaging, refractive outcome, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and endothelial cell density (ECD). Results: Anterior and posterior corneal astigmatism, corneal densitometry, central corneal thickness, and anterior chamber depth and volume showed no significant differences. Preoperative distribution of astigmatism axis orientations showed a high proportion of anterior corneal with-the-rule astigmatism (71%) in eyes requiring rebubbling. Mean postoperative cylinder in the rebubbling group (1.21 ± 0.85 D) was significantly higher compared to the controls (p = 0.04), while differences in spherical equivalent (SE) were insignificant (p = 0.24). Postoperative CDVA was 0.11 ± 0.11 in the control group compared to 0.21 ± 0.17 in the rebubbling group (p = 0.03). Eyes with subsequent rebubbling demonstrated a significantly higher endothelial cell loss (56% versus 37%) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Apart from higher cylinder values, refractive outcome and corneal parameters assessed by Scheimpflug imaging were comparable in eyes with rebubbling and controls. However, a reduced visual acuity and an increased endothelial cell loss should be taken into consideration prior to rebubbling especially in eyes with circumscribed graft detachment.

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Author:Bishr AghaGND, Raimund Michael ForsterGND, Thomas KohnenORCiDGND, Ingo SchmackORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology
Publisher:Berlin ; Heidelberg [u.a.]
Place of publication:Springer
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/06
Date of first Publication:2021/04/06
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/11/02
Page Number:9
First Page:3175
Last Page:3183
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International