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O odnosu elementa se i zamjenice sebe

On the Relation Between the Se Element and Pronoun Sebe (Self)

  • U hrvatskoj jezikoslovnoj tradiciji element se formalni je pokazatelj pripadnosti pojedinoga glagola skupini povratnih glagola. Taj se element dosad smatrao zamjenjivim zamjenicom sebe u tzv. pravih povratnih glagola. U ovome se radu na temelju postavaka više autora (Zec 1985, Sells, Zaenen i Zec 1987, Moskovljević 1997, Medová 2009, Oliva 2010) pokušava dokazati neistovjetnost elemenata se i sebe. Slobodna zamjena tih dvaju elemenata rezultira promjenom značenja i gramatičkom neovjerenošću. Iz toga proizlazi i drugačija podjela povratnih glagola. U radu će se usporedbom nekoliko povratnih glagola i njihovih prijelaznih parnjaka iznijeti drugačiji pristup povratnim glagolima.
  • The paper discusses the relation between a se element and pronoun sebe (self) and, in that correlation, a different approach to reflexive verbs. The approach to defining the se element in certain Croatian grammars published since the beginning of 20th century until today and other relevant scientific bibliography is presented at the beginning of the paper. In most of the aforementioned bibliography the se element is classified as a pronoun, while being considered a particle in a smaller amount of scientific papers. Based on the postulates of some authors (Sells, Zaenen, Zec (1987), Moskovljević (1997), Medová (2009), Oliva (2010)), a proof of the non-identity of the se element and pronoun sebe (self) is attempted. Analysis is based on the approach of K. Oliva, according to which the se element is a particle and it cannot be treated as a pronoun, which is as an argument realized on the object position of transitive verbs. This implies a different approach to reflexive verbs. Reflexive verbs are considered a particular group of verbs with the existence of the se element along with the verb as lexical unit. This element is a part of the morphological and lexico-semantic structure of the verb, i.e. a part of the verb itself. Reflexive verbs originate from their transitive (or intransitive) verb pair. In distinction from that, the se element cannot be a part of the aformentioned transitive verbs, but can have pronoun sebe (self) as an object. Syntactic analysis of a few reflexive verbs and their transitive verb pairs was attempted in order to present a new approach to reflexive verbs.

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Author:Ivana Oraić Rabušić
Parent Title (Croatian):Rasprave : časopis Instituta za Hrvatski Jezik i Jezikoslovlje
Place of publication:Zagreb
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2016/10/20
Year of first Publication:2015
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/10/20
Tag:Croatian; pronoun sebe (self); reflexive verbs; se element
element se; hrvatski jezik; zamjenica sebe; povratni glagoli
Page Number:30
First Page:97
Last Page:126
Rights: Papers published in this journal can be used for personal or educational purposes while respecting the rights of authors and publishers.
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 49 Andere Sprachen / 490 Andere Sprachen
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht