Regeneration in rhizostoma pulmo

  • The several experiments, of which tlhs paper presets a resume, were conducted during the early summer of 1903, at the Naples Zoölogical Station, while occupying the table of the Smithsonian Institution, for the courtesy of which it is a pleasure to express my obligations. The primary object of the experiments was to test the regenerative capacity of the Scyphomedusae and to institute certain comparisons between these results and those obtained by similar experiments previously made upon the Hydromedusae. So far as I am aware no similar experiments have been made upon the Scyphomedusae with the definite purpose of testing this particular aspect: of their physiological constitution. Romanes in his experiments upon "Primitive Nervous Systems", 85, has recorded incidentally the fact that certain mutilations of medusae are promptly healed, but gave no details. Eimer, '78, has also carried on similar experiments and with the Same general purpose of testing the character and distribution of nervous centers, but makes no reference to the matter of regeneration. And quite recently Uexküll, has likewise reviewed these experiments of Romanes and Eimer and carried them sornewhat farther than they had done. But while arrivirlg at somewhat different conclusions, drawn from a series of experiments in some features coincident with those to be described now, he makes no reference to any regenerative processes, devoting attentioti almost exclusively to the movements, specially those of rhytmic character, and seeking physical explanations of them. The earlier references of Haeckel to the capacity of larvae of certain medusae to regenerate entire organisms are likewise indefinite. Morgan in referring to the subject in his recent book on "Regeneration", merely remarks that among Scyphozoa "the jelly-fishes belonging to this group have a limited amount of regenerative power". I very much regret that an unusual scarcity of material compels me to leave several points somewhat less fully considered than is desirable, but I trust they are not of suffiicient gravity to seriously mar the general value of the results as a whole. In one respect this scarcity of material, making necessary successive experiments on the same specimen in many cases, proved fortunate rather than otherwise, since facts of importance were thus brought to light which might otherwise have been overlooked. Some of these will be referred to specifically in another connection.

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Author:Charles Wesley Hargitt
Parent Title (German):The journal of experimental zoology
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2008/04/01
Year of first Publication:1904
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2008/04/01
First Page:73
Last Page:94
Charles Wesley Hargitt (1852-1927) ; Signatur: 8 Q 273.4134 ; ISSN : 0022-104x
Source:The journal of experimental zoology, 1, S. 73-94
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 59 Tiere (Zoologie) / 590 Tiere (Zoologie)
Sammlungen:Sammlung Biologie / Historische biologische Literatur
Licence (German):License LogoGemeinfreies Werk / Public Domain