Pemujaan Siva-Buddha Dalam Masyarakat Hindu di Bali

The worship of Shiva-Buddha in the Balinese Hindu community

  • The phenomenon of ´Siva-Buddha cult in Bali is more pronounced than in other places such as in East Java, South East Asian, or even in India itself, where ´Siva-Buddha took place as a major re-ligious life of the masses. We found in Bali that the Sanghyang ´Siva-Buddha has been wor-shipped as Sanghyang Tunggal, i.e. One God. As it is well known that the main problem of the syncretism of ´Siva-Buddha Cult in the course of Indonsian’s history is how to determine the proper meaning of syncretism, wether it is did happen on the level of philosophy, theology, or on the ground of social activities. In this regard, Bali has been provided rich sources to overcome of these difficulties. Many traditional’s literature of Bali called lontar contains either similarities or deep ties of the two religious lifes. Moreover, it is mingled with various aspects of Balinese arts, traditions, cultures and local worship. As the result that syncretism of ´Siva-Buddha Cult in Bali is considered very unique in sense that the fact that the ´Siva-Buddha Cult is the existing religious life till mowadays. Balinese scholar, particularly the Hindu’s priests has been maintain the problem through the ages, so that, literatures has been wrote and publish in accordance to the ´Siva-Buddha Cult. But, unfortunately, as it is mainly pre-seved in the royal pamily, the masses of Bali did not aware about what does they had practiced in daily live. Actually, they had practices the cult of ´Siva-Buddha, but they do not aware about it. The present work is tray to sum up the worship of ´Siva-Buddha Cult in Balinese traditional in regard to it main problem of syncretism on the bases of Tantrayana’s teaching and their approach to the historical background.

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Author:I Ketut Widnya
Parent Title (German):Journal of religious culture = Journal für Religionskultur
Series (Serial Number):Journal of religious culture = Journal für Religionskultur (107)
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Document Type:Part of Periodical
Year of Completion:2008
Year of first Publication:2008
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2008/08/11
Institutes:Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Institut für Wissenschaftliche Irenik
Dewey Decimal Classification:2 Religion / 29 Andere Religionen / 290 Andere Religionen
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht