Extracorporeal immune therapy with immobilized agonistic anti-Fas antibodies leads to transient reduction of circulating neutrophil numbers and limits tissue damage after hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation in a porcine model

  • Background: Hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation is associated with aberrant neutrophil activation and organ failure. This experimental porcine study was done to evaluate the effects of Fas-directed extracorporeal immune therapy with a leukocyte inhibition module (LIM) on hemodynamics, neutrophil tissue infiltration, and tissue damage after hemorrhagic shock/resuscitation. Methods: In a prospective controlled double-armed animal trial 24 Munich Mini Pigs (30.3 +/- 3.3 kg) were rapidly haemorrhaged to reach a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 35 +/- 5 mmHg, maintained hypotensive for 45 minutes, and then were resuscitated with Ringer's solution to baseline MAP. With beginning of resuscitation 12 pigs underwent extracorporeal immune therapy for 3 hours (LIM group) and 12 pigs were resuscitated according to standard medical care (SMC). Haemodynamics, haematologic, metabolic, and organ specific damage parameters were monitored. Neutrophil infiltration was analyzed histologically after 48 and 72 hours. Lipid peroxidation, and apoptosis were specifically determined in lung, bowel, and liver. Results: In the LIM group, neutrophil counts were reduced versus SMC during extracorporeal immune therapy. After 72 hours, the haemodynamic parameters MAP and cardiac output (CO) were significantly better in the LIM group. Histological analyses showed reduction of shock-related neutrophil tissue infiltration in the LIM group, especially in the lungs. Lower amounts of apoptotic cells and lipid peroxidation were found in organs after LIM treatment. Conclusions: Transient Fas-directed extracorporeal immune therapy may protect from posthemorrhagic neutrophil tissue infiltration and tissue damage.

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Author:Tim Tobias LögtersGND, Jens AltrichterORCiD, Adnana-Nicoleta Paunel-GörgülüORCiDGND, Martin Sager, Ingo Witte, Annina Ott, Sarah Sadek, Jessica Baltes, José Bitu-Moreno, Alberto Schek, Wolfram Müller, Teresa Jeri, Joachim WindolfGND, Martin ScholzGND
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20406470
Parent Title (English):Journal of Inflammation
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2010/05/17
Date of first Publication:2010/04/20
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2010/05/17
Issue:Art. 18
Page Number:13
First Page:1
Last Page:13
© 2010 Lögters et al. , licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Source:Journal of Inflammation 2010, 7:18 ; doi:10.1186/1476-9255-7-18 ; http://www.journal-inflammation.com/content/7/1/18
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 2.0