Dynamics and diagnostic relevance of kynurenine serum level after kidney transplantation

  • BACKGROUND: Inflammatory events after kidney transplantation (Tx) may lead to activation of the tryptophane-catabolizing enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase followed by the formation of kynurenine (KYN). Post-transplant KYN serum levels in kidney allograft recipients were analyzed for their diagnostic value. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of KYN levels (normal value: 2.7±0.6 nmol/ml) measured in 4083 blood samples collected from 355 kidney graft recipients in connection with uncomplicated courses, acute rejections (ARs), infections, and type of immunosuppression. We performed descriptive data analysis and analysis of variance. RESULTS: In 212 recipients with immediately functioning grafts, the KYN levels dropped from pre-Tx 13.3±5.9 nmol/ml to nearly normal values at day 5 (5.8±3.0 nmol/ml). In patients with delayed graft function, the KYN reduction started only after the last hemodialysis treatment. With respect to ARs in recipients with creatinine values <300 µmol/l pre-AR, the increase of KYN levels depended on the severity of ARs (steroid-sensitive ARs: from 4.5±1.4 to 6.0±6.1 nmol/ml; steroid-resistant ARs: from 6.1±3.1 to 12.9±7.1 nmol/ml; vascular rejections: from 5.8±3.0 to 16.9±9.1 nmol/ml). In patients with creatinine values ≥300 µmol/l pre-AR, a further increase of the KYN level (from 10.1 to 13.2 nmol/ml) was only observed in severe, steroid-resistant ARs. With respect to infections evaluated, the KYN levels before diagnosis/start of treatment were 5.7±3.4 nmol/ml in asymptomatic CMV infections, 7.5±4.4 nmol/ml in CMV diseases, 8.3±3.3 nmol/ml in pneumonia, and 10.4±6.5 nmol/ml in bacterial sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Serum KYN seems to be a reliable diagnostic tool for the assessment of post-transplant inflammatory complications, already in an early stage, and for monitoring the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Prospective studies are recommended.

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Author:Jürgen Kaden, Dietmar Abendroth, Andreas Völp, Michael Marzinzig
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26062734
Parent Title (English):Annals of transplantation
Place of publication:Warsaw
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2016/11/09
Year of first Publication:2015
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2016/11/09
First Page:11
Last Page:327
This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0