Time‐dependent changes in proliferation, DNA damage and clock gene expression in hepatocellular carcinoma and healthy liver of a transgenic mouse model

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is highly resistant to anticancer therapy and novel therapeutic strategies are needed. Chronotherapy may become a promising approach because it may improve the efficacy of antimitotic radiation and chemotherapy by considering timing of treatment. To date little is known about time‐of‐day dependent changes of proliferation and DNA damage in HCC. Using transgenic c‐myc/transforming growth factor (TGFα) mice as HCC animal model, we immunohistochemically demonstrated Ki67 as marker for proliferation and γ‐H2AX as marker for DNA damage in HCC and surrounding healthy liver (HL). Core clock genes (Per1, Per2, Cry1, Cry2, Bmal 1, Rev‐erbα and Clock) were examined by qPCR. Data were obtained from samples collected ex vivo at four different time points and from organotypic slice cultures (OSC). Significant differences were found between HCC and HL. In HCC, the number of Ki67 immunoreactive cells showed two peaks (ex vivo: ZT06 middle of day and ZT18 middle of night; OSC: CT04 and CT16). In ex vivo samples, the number of γ‐H2AX positive cells in HCC peaked at ZT18 (middle of the night), while in OSC their number remained high during subjective day and night. In both HCC and HL, clock gene expression showed a time‐of‐day dependent expression ex vivo but no changes in OSC. The expression of Per2 and Cry1 was significantly lower in HCC than in HL. Our data support the concept of chronotherapy of HCC. OSC may become useful to test novel cancer therapies.

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Author:Soha A. Hassan, Christian Schmithals, Maike von Harten, Albrecht PiiperORCiD, Horst-Werner KorfORCiDGND, Charlotte von GallORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):International journal of cancer
Place of publication:Bognor Regis
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/07/23
Date of first Publication:2020/07/23
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/12/05
Tag:Ki67 transgenic c‐myc/TGFα mice
clock genes; hepatocellular carcinoma; γ‐H2AX
Page Number:12
First Page:226
Last Page:237
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0