The pyrazolo[3,4- d]pyrimidine-based kinase inhibitor NVP-BHG712: effects of regioisomers on tumor growth, perfusion, and hypoxia in EphB4-positive A375 melanoma xenografts

  • In a previous study, EphB4 was demonstrated to be a positive regulator of A375-melanoma growth but a negative regulator of tumor vascularization and perfusion. To distinguish between EphB4 forward and ephrinB2 reverse signaling, we used the commercially available EphB4 kinase inhibitor NVP-BHG712 (NVP), which was later identified as its regioisomer NVPiso. Since there have been reported significant differences between the inhibition profiles of NVP and NVPiso, we compared the influence of NVP and NVPiso on tumor characteristics under the same experimental conditions. Despite the different inhibitory profiles of NVP and NVPiso, the comparative study conducted here showed the same EphB4-induced effects in vivo as in the previous investigation. This confirmed the conclusion that EphB4-ephrinB2 reverse signaling is responsible for increased tumor growth as well as decreased tumor vascularization and perfusion. These results are further substantiated by microarrays showing differences between mock-transfected and EphB4-transfected (A375-EphB4) cells with respect to at least 9 angiogenesis-related proteins. Decreased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiotensin 1 (Ang-1), and protein kinase B (Akt/PKB), together with the increased expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and transforming growth factor beta-2 (TGF-β2), is consistent with the impaired vascularization of A375-EphB4 xenografts. Functional overexpression of EphB4 in A375-EphB4 cells was confirmed by activation of a variety of signaling pathways, including the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT), rat sarcoma virus/rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma/mitogen activated protein kinase kinase (Ras/Raf/MEK), and nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkB) pathways.

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Author:Christin Neuber, Tröster, Alix TrösterGND, Reik Löser, Birgit Belter, Harald SchwalbeORCiDGND, Jens Pietzsch
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (German):Molecules
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/11/03
Date of first Publication:2020/11/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/12/23
Tag:eph receptor tyrosin kinase family; ephrins; regioisomers; tumor angiogenesis; tumor hypoxia; tumor perfusion; tyrosine kinase inhibitors
Issue:Article 5115
Page Number:14
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie / Biochemie und Chemie
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0