The impact of social comparisons of job demands and job control on well-being

  • We extended the job demand–control model by including a social comparison perspective and hypothesised that an employee's work-related well-being is to some degree relative to the perceived work environment of coworkers rather than absolute (in terms of isolated effects of individual work characteristics). Hence, we account for the social context when examining the effects of individual job characteristics. Using a lagged study design with two measurement times eight weeks apart, we examined the effects of the (in)congruence between one´s own job demands and job control with the perceived job demands and job control of coworkers on job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficiency. Findings from polynomial regression analyses and response surface methodology revealed that perceiving coworkers as having either higher or lower demands than oneself is associated with lower job satisfaction and higher levels of emotional exhaustion. This provides partial support for our hypotheses. We found first-time evidence that social comparison processes regarding job demands can influence employees´ well-being.

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Author:Gesa Wemken, Janina Janurek, Nina Mareen JunkerORCiDGND, Jan Alexander Häusser
Parent Title (English):Applied psychology: health and well-being
Place of publication:Oxford [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/05/04
Date of first Publication:2021/05/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/08/25
Tag:job demand–control model; organisational psychology; polynomial regression analysis; social comparison; subjective well-being
Page Number:18
First Page:419
Last Page:436
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0