Gastroesophageal reflux disease and need for antireflux surgery in children with cystic fibrosis: a systematic review on incidence, surgical complications, and postoperative outcomes

  • Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with accelerated decline in lung health in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Thus, antireflux surgery (ARS) is offered to a selected CF cohort with refractory GERD, but outcomes remain poorly investigated. This study aimed to determine the incidence of GERD in children with CF and to evaluate complications and outcomes of ARS. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature-based search was conducted using various online databases according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The number of GERD cases in pediatric CF cohorts who underwent diagnostic investigation(s) was recorded. Data on postoperative complications and outcomes (including symptoms, lung function, and nutritional status) following ARS were analyzed. Results: Ten articles (n = 289 patients) met the defined inclusion criteria (51% male; age range, 0.5 month–36 years). The overall incidence of GERD was 46% (range, 19–81%), derived from seven studies (n = 212 patients). Four publications (n = 82 patients) reported on ARS due to uncontrolled GERD. All ARSs were Nissen fundoplication (majority with gastrostomy placement). Major postoperative complications occurred in 15 (18%) patients, two required redo-ARS. Median follow-up time was 2 years (range, 3 months–6 years); 59% showed symptom improvement, and pulmonary exacerbations and decline in lung function were reduced. Nutritional status mainly improved in milder CF cases. There were no deaths related to ARS. Conclusion: Approximately half of pediatric CF patients have GERD. Published data for children with CF are limited and heterogeneous in terms of GERD diagnosis and outcomes following ARS. However, ARS has shown to slow the deterioration of lung function in CF.

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Author:Jessica Ng, Florian Michael FriedmacherORCiDGND, Caroline Pao, Paul Charlesworth
Parent Title (English):European journal of pediatric surgery
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
Place of publication:Stuttgart
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/11/17
Date of first Publication:2020/11/17
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/08/23
Tag:antireflux surgery; cystic fibrosis; fundoplication; gastroesophageal reflux; pediatric
Page Number:9
First Page:106
Last Page:114
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0