Ligelizumab treatment for severe asthma: learnings from the clinical development programme

  • Objective: Ligelizumab is a humanised IgG1 anti-IgE antibody that binds IgE with higher affinity than omalizumab. Ligelizumab had greater efficacy than omalizumab on inhaled and skin allergen provocation responses in mild allergic asthma. This multi-centre, randomised, double-blind study was designed to test ligelizumab in severe asthma patients not adequately controlled with high-dose inhaled corticoids plus long-acting β2-agonist. Methods: Patients received 16 weeks ligelizumab (240 mg q2w), omalizumab or placebo subcutaneously, and ACQ-7 was measured as primary outcome at Week 16. In addition, the study generated dose-ranging data of ligelizumab and safety data. Results: A total of 471 patients, age 47.4 ± 13.36 years, were included in the study. Treatment with ligelizumab did not significantly improve asthma control (ACQ-7) and exacerbation rates compared to omalizumab and placebo. Therefore, primary and secondary objectives of the study were not met. The compound was well tolerated, and the safety profile showed no new safety findings. Pharmacokinetic data demonstrated faster clearance and lower serum concentrations of ligelizumab than historical omalizumab data, and exploratory in vitro data showed differential IgE blocking properties relative to FcεRI and FcεRII/CD23 between the two compounds. Conclusion: Ligelizumab failed to demonstrate superiority over placebo or omalizumab. Although ligelizumab is more potent than omalizumab at inhibiting IgE binding to the high-affinity FcεRI, there is differential IgE blocking properties relative to FcεRI and FcεRII/CD23 between the two compounds. Therefore, the data suggest that different anti-IgE antibodies might be selectively efficacious for different IgE-mediated diseases.

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Author:Jordis TrischlerGND, Ivan Bottoli, Reinhold Janocha, Christoph Heusser, Xavier Jaumont, Phil Lowe, Aurelie Gautier, Abhijit Pethe, Ralph WößnerORCiDGND, Hans-Günter ZerwesORCiDGND, Stefan ZielenORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Clinical & Translational Immunology
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/03/15
Date of first Publication:2021/03/15
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/07/19
Tag:CD23; asthma; biologics; ligelizumab; omalizumab
Issue:art. e1255
Article Number:1255
Page Number:11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
Research funding
Novartis AG
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International