Hyperon polarization along the beam direction relative to the second and third harmonic event planes in isobar collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV

  • The polarization of Λ and Λ¯ hyperons along the beam direction has been measured relative to the second and third harmonic event planes in isobar Ru+Ru and Zr+Zr collisions at sNN−−−−√ = 200 GeV. The second harmonic results follow the emission angle dependence as expected due to elliptic flow, similar to that observed in Au+Au collisions. The polarization relative to the third harmonic event plane, measured for the first time, deviates from zero with 4.8σ significance in 20-60\% centrality for 1.1<pT<6.0 GeV/c and exhibits a similar dependence on the emission angle. These results indicate the formation of a complex vortical structure in the system that follows higher harmonic anisotropic flow originating from the initial density fluctuations. The amplitudes of the sine modulation for the second and third harmonic results are comparable in magnitude, increase from central to peripheral collisions, and show a mild pT dependence. While the centrality dependence, except in peripheral collisions, is qualitatively consistent with hydrodynamic model calculations including thermal vorticity and shear contributions, the shape of the pT dependence is very different. Comparison to previous measurements at RHIC and the LHC for the second-order harmonic results shows little dependence on the collision system size and collision energy.

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ArXiv Id:http://arxiv.org/abs/2303.09074v1
Parent Title (English):arxiv
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2023/03/16
Date of first Publication:2023/03/16
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Creating Corporation:STAR Collaboration
Release Date:2023/12/20
Issue:2303.09074 Version 1
Edition:Version 1
Page Number:7
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International