Nitric oxide causes ADP-ribosylation and inhibition of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

  • Nitric oxide and nitric oxide-generating agents like 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) stimulate the mono-ADP-ribosylation of a cytosolic, 39-kDa protein in various tissues. This protein was purified from human platelet cytosol by conventional and fast protein liquid chromatography techniques. N-terminal sequence analysis identified the isolated protein as the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). Nitric oxide stimulates the auto-ADP-ribosylation of GAPDH in a time and concentration-dependent manner with maximal effects after about 60 min. Associated with ADP-ribosylation is a loss of enzymatic activity. NAD(+)-free enzyme is not inhibited by SIN-1, indicating the absolute requirement of NAD+ as the substrate of the ADP-ribosylation reaction. Inhibition of the glycolytic enzyme GAPDH may be relevant as a cytotoxic effect of NO complementary to its inhibitory actions on iron-sulfur enzymes like aconitase and electron transport proteins of the respiratory chain.

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Author:Stefanie DimmelerORCiDGND, Friedrich LottspeichGND, Bernhard BrüneORCiD
Parent Title (English):Journal of biological chemistry
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publications
Place of publication:Bethesda, Md
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/01/04
Year of first Publication:1992
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/09/26
Page Number:4
First Page:16771
Last Page:16774
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International