How intraoral pressure shapes the voicing contrast in American English and German

  • This study examines intraoral pressure for English and German stops in bilabial and alveolar place of articulation. Our subjects are two speakers of American English and three speakers of German. VOICING is the main phonological contrast under evaluation in both word initial and word final position. For initial stops, a few of the pressure characteristics showed differences between English and German, but on the whole the results point to similar production strategies at both places of articulation in the two different languages. Analysis of the pressure trajectory differences between VOICING categories in initial position raises questions about articulatory differences. In the initial closing gesture, time from start of gesture to closure is roughly equivalent for both categories, but the pressure change is significantly smaller on average for VOICED stops. Final stops, however, present a more complicated picture. German final stops are neutralized to a presumed VOICELESS phonological state. English final /p/ is broadly similar to German /p/, but English /t/ often shows no pressure increase at all which is at odds with the conventional account of phonation termination via pressure increase and loss of pressure differential. The results raise the question of whether the German final stops should be considered VOICELESS or some intermediate form, at least as compared to English final stops.

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Author:Blake Rodgers, Susanne Fuchs
Parent Title (English):Papers from the linguistics laboratory / Melanie Weirich & Stefanie Jannedy (ed.), Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin, 2010; ZASPil Vol. 52, S. 63-82
Publisher:Zentrum für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of Completion:2010
Year of first Publication:2010
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/11/14
GND Keyword:Kontrastive Phonetik; Verschlusslaut; Stimmhaftigkeit; Stimmlosigkeit; Deutsch; Englisch
Page Number:20
First Page:63
Last Page:82
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Phonetik/Phonologie / Phonetics/Phonology
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZAS papers in linguistics : ZASPiL / ZASPiL 52 = Papers from the linguistics laboratory
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht