Einfluss von Tempus und Aspekt auf die Wahl der Verbformen in schriftlichen Texten russischsprachiger Deutschlerner

  • This article investigates the influence of tense and aspect on the choice of verb forms in texts written by Russian-speaking learners of German. Through eight written narrations, each produced by advanced learners of German with L1-Russian and German native speakers, the use of verb forms and relevant linguistic means (perfect markers, temporal adverbs and temporal clauses) was compared and analysed. The study shows that even very advanced Russian-speaking learners of German could not meet target language preferences in German. They tended to deploy a different temporal perspective than German native speakers (simple past instead of present tense) and they also showed an overuse of the perfect tense, especially when describing completed actions. These differences compared to the preferences of German native speakers can be explained as transfer effects from the L1 of Russian-speaking learners since – unlike in German – the grammatical aspect in Russian is obligatory and its perfective form offers an effective tool to express completeness.

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Author:Irina Mikhaylina
DOI:https://doi.org/10.21248/zaspil.62.2019.442 [Titel anhand dieser DOI in Citavi-Projekt übernehmen]
Parent Title (English):Narrative texts by children and adults: insights into their organization through a prism of language system and environmental factors ; ZASPiL ; 62
Title Additional (English):The influence of tense and aspect on the choice of verb forms in texts written by Russian-speaking learners of German
Publisher:Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS)
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Date of Publication (online):2019/09/12
Date of first Publication:2019/09/12
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/09/16
Tag:Erzählen, pragm.; Tempus, synt.; Zweitspracherwerb
Page Number:20
First Page:32
Last Page:51
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Spracherwerb / Language acquisition
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Pragmalinguistik/Kommunikationsforschung / Pragmalinguistics/Communication research
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZAS papers in linguistics : ZASPiL / ZASPIL 62 = Narrative texts by children and adults
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht