Identifying early preschool bilinguals at risk of DLD: a composite profile of narrative and sentence repetition skills

  • For this study one hundred sixty-seven Russian-/Turkish-German preschool children were tested with a battery of language proficiency tests in both languages. On the basis of 1.5 SD below monolingual norm for L2 German and 1.25 SD below bilingual mean for either home language, 9 children at risk of developmental language disorders (DLD) (mean age of 4 years and 5 months) were identified and 16 age-matched TD children were selected out of the cohort. All these children were tested with the LITMUS-MAIN and –SR tests in German. The results across TD and at risk of DLD group were compared. TD clearly outperformed at risk of DLD in SR. In elicited narratives, macrostructure and microstructure were scrutinized across groups. Similar to the previous findings, our results show significant differences between at risk of DLD und TD in the microstructure, e.g. total number of word tokens and verb-based communication units and SR. For the macrostructure, TD outperformed at risk children only for story complexity. The study expands our knowledge on the cut-off criteria for the identification of bilinguals at risk of DLD, scrutinized very early narratives for bilinguals at risk of DLD features and questions the similarity of cognitive skills in TD and at risk of DLD children.

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Author:Natalʹja Vladimirovna Gagarina, Stefanie Gey, Natalie Sürmeli
Parent Title (English):Narrative texts by children and adults: insights into their organization through a prism of language system and environmental factors ; ZASPiL ; 62
Publisher:Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS)
Place of publication:Berlin
Document Type:Part of a Book
Date of Publication (online):2019/09/13
Date of first Publication:2019/09/13
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2019/09/16
Tag:Erzählen, pragm.; Spracherwerb, biling.; pathologischer Spracherwerb
Page Number:22
First Page:168
Last Page:189
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Spracherwerb / Language acquisition
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Pragmalinguistik/Kommunikationsforschung / Pragmalinguistics/Communication research
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:ZAS papers in linguistics : ZASPiL / ZASPIL 62 = Narrative texts by children and adults
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht