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Using limit linear series on chains of curves, we show that closures of certain Brill-Noether loci contain a product of pointed Brill-Noether loci of small codimension. As a result, we obtain new non-containments of Brill-Noether loci, in particular that dimensionally expected non-containments hold for expected maximal Brill-Noether loci. Using these degenerations, we also give a new proof that Brill-Noether loci with expected codimension −ρ≤⌈g/2⌉ have a component of the expected dimension. Additionally, we obtain new non-containments of Brill-Noether loci by considering the locus of the source curves of unramified double covers.

We prove that the projectivized strata of differentials are not contained in pointed Brill-Noether divisors, with only a few exceptions. For a generic element in a stratum of differentials, we show that many of the associated pointed Brill-Noether loci are of expected dimension. We use our results to study the Auel-Haburcak Conjecture: We obtain new non-containments between maximal Brill-Noether loci in Mg. Our results regarding quadratic differentials imply that the quadratic strata in genus 6 are uniruled.

Geometry is part of the core of mathematics. It has been relevant ever since people have interacted with nature and its phenomena. Geometry’s relevance to the teaching and learning of mathematics can be emphasized, too. Nevertheless, a current potential shift in the topics of mathematics education to the detriment of geometry might be emerging. That is, other topics related to mathematics are seeming to grow in importance in comparison to geometry. Despite this, or perhaps because of it, geometry is an important component of current research in mathematics education. In the literature review, we elaborate relevant foci on the basis of current conference proceedings. By means of about 50 journal articles, five main topics are elaborated in more detail: geometric thinking and practices, geometric contents and topics, teacher education in geometry, argumentation and proof in geometry, as well as the use of digital tools for the teaching and learning of geometry. Conclusions and limitations for current and future research on geometry are formulated at the end of the article. In particular, the transfer to the practices of geometric teaching is explored on the basis of the elaborated research findings in order to combine both aspects of the teaching and learning of geometry.

The free energy of TAP-solutions for the SK-model of mean field spin glasses can be expressed as a nonlinear functional of local terms: we exploit this feature in order to contrive abstract REM-like models which we then solve by a classical large deviations treatment. This allows to identify the origin of the physically unsettling quadratic (in the inverse of temperature) correction to the Parisi free energy for the SK-model, and formalizes the true cavity dynamics which acts on TAP-space, i.e. on the space of TAP-solutions. From a non-spin glass point of view, this work is the first in a series of refinements which addresses the stability of hierarchical structures in models of evolving populations.

During my initial days here in Frankfurt, in October 2020 amidst the pandemic crisis, all my notes revolved around three articles by Bolthausen and Kistler, which now form the starting point of this work.
The ones introduced by Bolthausen and Kistler are abstract mean field spin glass models, reminiscent of Derrida’s Generalized Random Energy Model (GREM), which generalize the GREM while remaining rigorously solvable through large deviations methods and within a classical Boltzmann-Gibbs formalism. This allows to establish, by means of a second moment method, the associated free energy at the thermodynamic limit as an orthodox, infinite-dimensional, Boltzmann-Gibbs variational principle.
Dual Parisi formulas for the limiting free energy associated with these Hamiltonians hold, and are revealed to be the finite-dimensional (”collapsed”) versions of the classical, infinite-dimensional Boltzmann-Gibbs principles.
In the 2nd chapter of this thesis, we uncover the hidden yet essential connection between real-world spin glasses, like the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) model and the random energy models. The crucial missing element is that of TAP-free energies: integrating it with the framework introduced by Bolthausen and Kistler results in a correction to the Parisi formula for the free energy, which brings it much, much closer to the ”true” Parisi solution for the SK-model. In other words, we can identify the principles that transform the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs maximization into the unorthodox (and puzzling) Parisi minimization.
This arguably stands as the primary achievement of this work.

Komplexität und Zufälligkeit
(1978)