Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) for monitoring soil erosion in Morocco

  • This article presents an environmental remote sensing application using a UAV that is specifically aimed at reducing the data gap between field scale and satellite scale in soil erosion monitoring in Morocco. A fixed-wing aircraft type Sirius I (MAVinci, Germany) equipped with a digital system camera (Panasonic) is employed. UAV surveys are conducted over different study sites with varying extents and flying heights in order to provide both very high resolution site-specific data and lower-resolution overviews, thus fully exploiting the large potential of the chosen UAV for multi-scale mapping purposes. Depending on the scale and area coverage, two different approaches for georeferencing are used, based on high-precision GCPs or the UAV’s log file with exterior orientation values respectively. The photogrammetric image processing enables the creation of Digital Terrain Models (DTMs) and ortho-image mosaics with very high resolution on a sub-decimetre level. The created data products were used for quantifying gully and badland erosion in 2D and 3D as well as for the analysis of the surrounding areas and landscape development for larger extents.

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Author:Sebastian D'Oleire-Oltmanns, Irene MarzolffORCiDGND, Klaus Daniel Peter, Johannes B. RiesGND
Parent Title (English):Remote sensing
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation Internat. (MDPI)
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2013/05/23
Date of first Publication:2012/11/07
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/05/23
Tag:SFAP; UAV; monitoring; photogrammetry; soil erosion
Page Number:27
First Page:3390
Last Page:3416
© 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie / Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0