Les barbares de Baudelaire : peinture, poésie et cosmopolitisme

  • For Baudelaire, the barbarian is a figure of predilection. At first, it is a literary character that he got acquainted with through the works of Chateaubriand and E. A. Poe. The barbarian is linked to poetry as well; he brings to mind the condition of the exiled, the solitary figure far away from his homeland (such as in Delacroix's Ovid among the Scythians). But, most of all, the barbarian gives the opportunity to Baudelaire to refine his idea of Beauty: at the 1855 Universal Exhibition, he confronts himself for the first time to Chinese art – labelled "barbarian art" back then. Far from agreeing with this description, Baudelaire refutes it and forces himself to shift his critical perspective: his challenge will be to adapt himself, accommodate his taste and become "as barbarian" as the works he beholds in order to appreciate one of these "specimen of universal beauty". This reflexion shall continue in his essay, 'The Painter of Modern Life' (1863), in which he describes Constantin Guys' way of drawing as being moved by an "inevitable barbarousness". In this article, our aim will be to trace the evolution of Baudelaire's conception and different uses of the term "barbarian" through his aesthetical, poetical and literary writings.

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Author:Julien Zanetta
Parent Title (Multiple languages):Poetik und Rhetorik des Barbarischen = Poétique et rhétorique du barbare, Colloquium Helveticum ; 45
Publisher:Aisthesis Verlag
Place of publication:Bielefeld
Editor:Melanie Rohner, Markus Winkler
Document Type:Part of a Book
Date of Publication (online):2018/08/30
Year of first Publication:2016
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Creating Corporation:Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft
Release Date:2018/08/30
GND Keyword:Baudelaire, Charles; Barbar <Motiv>; Le Peintre de la vie moderne; Schönheit
Page Number:12
First Page:63
Last Page:75
Dewey Decimal Classification:8 Literatur / 80 Literatur, Rhetorik, Literaturwissenschaft / 800 Literatur und Rhetorik
8 Literatur / 84 Französische und verwandte Literaturen / 840 Literaturen romanischer Sprachen; Französische Literatur
Sammlungen:Germanistik / GiNDok
CompaRe | Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft
CompaRe | Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft / Aisthesis Verlag
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:Colloquium Helveticum / Poetik und Rhetorik des Barbarischen = Poétique et rhétorique du barbare (Colloquium Helveticum ; 45.2016)
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht