The stress-dependent dynamics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA and rRNA modification profiles

  • RNAs are key players in the cell, and to fulfil their functions, they are enzymatically modified. These modifications have been found to be dynamic and dependent on internal and external factors, such as stress. In this study we used nucleic acid isotope labeling coupled mass spectrometry (NAIL-MS) to address the question of which mechanisms allow the dynamic adaptation of RNA modifications during stress in the model organism S. cerevisiae. We found that both tRNA and rRNA transcription is stalled in yeast exposed to stressors such as H2O2, NaAsO2 or methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). From the absence of new transcripts, we concluded that most RNA modification profile changes observed to date are linked to changes happening on the pre-existing RNAs. We confirmed these changes, and we followed the fate of the pre-existing tRNAs and rRNAs during stress recovery. For MMS, we found previously described damage products in tRNA, and in addition, we found evidence for direct base methylation damage of 2′O-ribose methylated nucleosides in rRNA. While we found no evidence for increased RNA degradation after MMS exposure, we observed rapid loss of all methylation damages in all studied RNAs. With NAIL-MS we further established the modification speed in new tRNA and 18S and 25S rRNA from unstressed S. cerevisiae. During stress exposure, the placement of modifications was delayed overall. Only the tRNA modifications 1-methyladenosine and pseudouridine were incorporated as fast in stressed cells as in control cells. Similarly, 2′-O-methyladenosine in both 18S and 25S rRNA was unaffected by the stressor, but all other rRNA modifications were incorporated after a delay. In summary, we present mechanistic insights into stress-dependent RNA modification profiling in S. cerevisiae tRNA and rRNA.

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Author:Yasemin YoluçORCiDGND, Erik van de LogtORCiD, Stefanie KellnerORCiD
Parent Title (English):Genes
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/28
Date of first Publication:2021/08/28
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/05/09
Tag:Saccharomyces cerevisiae; absolute quantification of RNA modifications; isotope labeling; mass spectrometry; stress dependent RNA modification dynamics
Issue:9, art. 1344
Page Number:15
First Page:1
Last Page:15
This research was funded by the DEUTSCHE FORSCHUNGSGEMEINSCHAFT, grant number KE1943/4-1.
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0