Correlates of deviance detection in auditory brainstem responses of bats

  • Identifying unexpected acoustic inputs, which allows to react appropriately to new situations, is of major importance for animals. Neural deviance detection describes a change of neural response strength to a stimulus solely caused by the stimulus' probability of occurrence. In the present study, we searched for correlates of deviance detection in auditory brainstem responses obtained in anaesthetised bats (Carollia perspicillata). In an oddball paradigm, we used two pure tone stimuli that represented the main frequencies used by the animal during echolocation (60 kHz) and communication (20 kHz). For both stimuli, we could demonstrate significant differences of response strength between deviant and standard response in slow and fast components of the auditory brainstem response. The data suggest the presence of correlates of deviance detection in brain stations below the inferior colliculus (IC), at the level of the cochlea nucleus and lateral lemniscus. Additionally, our results suggest that deviance detection is mainly driven by repetition suppression in the echolocation frequency band, while in the communication band, a deviant-related enhancement of the response plays a more important role. This finding suggests a contextual dependence of the mechanisms underlying subcortical deviance detection. The present study demonstrates the value of auditory brainstem responses for studying deviance detection and suggests that auditory specialists, such as bats, use different frequency-specific strategies to ensure an appropriate sensation of unexpected sounds.
Author:Johannes WetekamORCiD, Julio C. HechavarríaORCiDGND, Luciana López JuryORCiDGND, Manfred KösslORCiD
Parent Title (English):European journal of neuroscience
Place of publication:Oxford [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/11/11
Date of first Publication:2021/11/11
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/08/17
Tag:ABR; MMN; SSA; prediction error; repetition suppression
Page Number:14
First Page:1601
Last Page:1613
This study was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (KO 987/14-1).
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell 4.0 International