Pixel und Zeile zu Frame : Baukasten zu einer Theorie der Medienerhaltung

Pixels and lines to frame : the building-blocks for a theory on preserving media

  • Der französische Physiologe Etienne-Jules Marey (1830–1904) gehörte vor 120 Jahren zu den Protagonisten eines Paradigmenwechsels. Als Pionier der Bewegungsanalyse mit mechanisch-pneumatischen Aufzeichnungssystemen wandte er sich in dem Moment der Fotografie zu, als diese Kurzzeitbelichtungen zu erlauben begann. Das war die notwendige Bedingung dafür, Serienaufnahmen in genügend kurzer Abfolge machen zu können; die hinreichenden Apparaturen hatte er sich selber zu bauen. Chronofotografie hiess das Projekt, das am Anfang des wissenschaftlichen Films schlechthin stand und das so wenig mit dem grossen K von Kino zu tun hatte, dass Marey in filmgeschichtlicher Hinsicht stets im selbst gewählten Schatten der Brüder Lumière und Thomas Edisons stand. ...
  • With the discovery of moving pictures around 1880, a paradigm change took place that decisively altered human perception. With the advent of electronic images, the separation between information carriers and image carriers was consummated in a radical way during the second half of the 20th century – we assume this to be a paradigm change as important as that of 120 years ago. Because, as a result of a delay in knowledge, electronic images today are all too generously labelled ‘digital’, but fail to be explained by that designation, a formal classification into analogue and digital, hardware and software appears indispensable both for understanding and for preserving this type of media (art). This reveals that it is not at all the case that we simply live in the digital age and from now on can pass on our cultural artefacts without loss. Quite the contrary: abandoning the originals – and in media art, this just happens to include also the display devices with their techno-cultural specificities – is threatening to bring about a knowledge surrogate very soon, right under our nose so to speak, encouraging a precarious relationship between action and history. In this sense, the text is also intended as a critique of the ‘Variable Media Initiative’ which – paradoxically, with regard to art being passed on on a very long-term basis – threatens to abandon the material basis of a number of contemporary works of art. The independence of information carriers and display devices has led to specialised sensitivities, making it extremely difficult to bring together works in their entirety.

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Author:Johannes Gfeller
Parent Title (English):Visions of a future : art and art history in changing contexts. Outlines ; Vol. 1
Publisher:Swiss Inst. for Art Research
Place of publication:Zürich
Editor:Hans-Jörg Heusser, Kornelia Imesch
Document Type:Part of a Book
Year of Completion:2004
Year of first Publication:2004
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2009/01/27
GND Keyword:Kunsttheorie; Kunstwissenschaft; Kongress; Zürich <2002>
Page Number:20
First Page:207
Last Page:226
Source:http://www.aktivearchive.ch/fileuploads/pdfs/Gfeller_Visions.pdf ; (in:) Hans-Jörg Heusser / Kornelia Imesc : Visions of a future : art and art history in changing contexts - Zürich, 2004, S. 207-226.
Institutes:keine Angabe Fachbereich / Extern
Dewey Decimal Classification:7 Künste und Unterhaltung / 70 Künste / 700 Künste; Bildende und angewandte Kunst
7 Künste und Unterhaltung / 79 Sport, Spiele, Unterhaltung / 790 Freizeitgestaltung, darstellende Künste, Sport
7 Künste und Unterhaltung / 79 Sport, Spiele, Unterhaltung / 791 Öffentliche Darbietungen, Film, Rundfunk
Sammlungen:Sammlung Musik, Theater, Film / Literatur zum Film
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht