Gender ideologies in Europe: a multidimensional framework

  • The authors argue, in line with recent research, that operationalizing gender ideology as a unidimensional construct ranging from traditional to egalitarian is problematic and propose an alternative framework that takes the multidimensionality of gender ideologies into account. Using latent class analysis, they operationalize their gender ideology framework based on data from the 2008 European Values Study, of which eight European countries reflecting the spectrum of current work–family policies were selected. The authors examine the form in which gender ideologies cluster in the various countries. Five ideology profiles were identified: egalitarian, egalitarian essentialism, intensive parenting, moderate traditional, and traditional. The five ideology profiles were found in all countries, but with pronounced variation in size. Ideologies mixing gender essentialist and egalitarian views appear to have replaced traditional ideologies, even in countries offering some institutional support for gendered separate spheres.

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Author:Daniela GrunowORCiDGND, Katia BegallORCiD, Sandra BuchlerORCiD
Parent Title (German):Journal of marriage and family
Place of publication:Hoboken, NJ
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2018/01/11
Date of first Publication:2018/01/11
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/04/27
Tag:cultural diversity; family policy; gender; genderroles; measurement; quantitative methodology
Page Number:19
First Page:42
Last Page:60
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Institutes:Gesellschaftswissenschaften / Gesellschaftswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 30 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie / 300 Sozialwissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0