Assimilating synthetic land surface temperature in a coupled land–atmosphere model

  • A realistic simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) depends on an accurate representation of the land–atmosphere coupling. Land surface temperature (LST) plays an important role in this context and the assimilation of LST can lead to improved estimates of the boundary layer and its processes. We assimilated synthetic satellite LST retrievals derived from a nature run as truth into a fully coupled, state‐of‐the‐art land–atmosphere numeric weather prediction model. As assimilation system a local ensemble transform Kalman filter was used and the control vector was augmented by the soil temperature and humidity. To evaluate the concept of the augmented control vector, two‐day case‐studies with different control vector settings were conducted for clear‐sky periods in March and August 2017. These experiments with hourly LST assimilation were validated against the nature run and overall, the RMSE of atmospheric and soil temperature of the first‐guess (and analysis) were reduced. The temperature estimate of the ABL was particularly improved during daytime as was the estimate of the soil temperature during the whole diurnal cycle. The best impact of LST assimilation on the soil and the ABL was achieved with the augmented control vector. Through the coupling between the soil and the atmosphere, the assimilation of LST can have a positive impact on the temperature forecast of the ABL even after 15 hr because of the memory of the soil. These encouraging results motivate further work towards the assimilation of real satellite LST retrievals.

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Author:Christine Sgoff, Annika Schomburg, Jürg SchmidliORCiDGND, Roland Potthast
Parent Title (German):Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Place of publication:Weinheim [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/08/04
Date of first Publication:2020/08/04
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/12/06
Tag:LETKF; data assimilation; land surface temperature; land–atmosphere coupling
Page Number:18
First Page:3980
Last Page:3997
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie / Geowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0