Different experimental multiple trauma models induce comparable inflammation and organ injury

  • Multiple injuries appear to be a decisive factor for experimental polytrauma. Therefore, our aim was to compare the inflammatory response and organ damage of five different monotrauma with three multiple trauma models. For this, mice were randomly assigned to 10 groups: Healthy control (Ctrl), Sham, hemorrhagic shock (HS), thoracic trauma (TxT), osteotomy with external fixation (Fx), bilateral soft tissue trauma (bsTT) or laparotomy (Lap); polytrauma I (PT I, TxT + HS + Fx), PT II (TxT + HS + Fx + Lap) and one multi-trauma group (MT, TxT + HS + bsTT + Lap). The inflammatory response and organ damage were quantified at 6 h by analyses of IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10, CXCL1, SAA1, HMGB1 and organ injury. Systemic IL-6 increased in all mono and multiple trauma groups, while CXCL1 increased only in HS, PT I, PT II and MT vs. control. Local inflammatory response was most prominent in HS, PT I, PT II and MT in the liver. Infiltration of inflammatory cells into lung and liver was significant in all multiple trauma groups vs. controls. Hepatic and pulmonary injury was prominent in HS, PT I, PT II and MT groups. These experimental multiple trauma models closely mimic the early post-traumatic inflammatory response in human. Though, the choice of read-out parameters is very important for therapeutic immune modulatory approaches.

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Author:Borna ReljaORCiDGND, Bing Yang, Katrin BundkirchenORCiD, Baolin XuGND, Kernt KöhlerGND, Claudia NeunaberORCiDGND
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33214576
Parent Title (English):Scientific reports
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2020/11/19
Date of first Publication:2020/11/19
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2020/11/26
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0