Clumped isotope thermometry techniques and their application to fossil teeth and pedogenic carbonates

  • This Ph.D. thesis demonstrates i) the highly precise performance of refined and new analytical setups for clumped isotope analysis (Δ47 and Δ48) and ii) the applicability of clumped isotope analyses to biogenic and abiogenic carbonated apatite (Δ47) and abiogenic carbonates (Δ47 and Δ48) for research related to paleothermophysiology and paleoclimatology, whereas the overall analytical precision has been increased. A comprehensive Δ47 dataset with 122 replicate analyses is provided from which the temperature dependence of Δ47 for (bio)apatite (Δ47-1/T2) is calculated between 1 °C and 80 °C. The temperature dependence of oxygen isotope equilibrium fractionation between carbonated synthetic apatite and water (1,000ln(αCHAP-H2O)) is experimentally determined. When applied to tooth enameloid from a modern Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus), a Late Miocene megatooth shark (Carcharodon megalodon), and an Upper Cretaceous Tyrannosaurus rex, reconstructed Δ47-based temperatures and δ18OH2O are in line with previously published data. An analytical setup for highly precise clumped isotope analysis is described that allows for the simultaneous measurement of ∆47 and ∆48 in CO2 with external reproducibilities close to the respective shot-noise limits. The analyte gases originate from pure carbonates that were digested in hypersaturated orthophosphoric acid and purified using a fully automated device. Δ47 data sets with 117 replicate analyses in total on 22 pedogenic carbonate nodules from two Spanish Middle Miocene sections reveal the continental Southern European thermal structure during the end of the Middle Miocene Climatic Optimum (MCO) and the complete Middle Miocene Climatic Transition (MMCT; from 15.33 to 12.98 Ma).

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Author:Niklas Maximilian LöfflerORCiDGND
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Andreas MulchORCiD, Jens FiebigGND
Advisor:Andreas Mulch, Jens Fiebig
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/29
Year of first Publication:2020
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2021/04/27
Release Date:2021/08/03
Tag:Biomineralization; Carbonate; Carbonated apatite; Clumped isotopes; Middle Miocene
Page Number:275
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht