Human babesiosis in Europe

  • Babesiosis is attracting increasing attention as a worldwide emerging zoonosis. The first case of human babesiosis in Europe was described in the late 1950s and since then more than 60 cases have been reported in Europe. While the disease is relatively rare in Europe, it is significant because the majority of cases present as life-threatening fulminant infections, mainly in immunocompromised patients. Although appearing clinically similar to human babesiosis elsewhere, particularly in the USA, most European forms of the disease are distinct entities, especially concerning epidemiology, human susceptibility to infection and clinical management. This paper describes the history of the disease and reviews all published cases that have occurred in Europe with regard to the identity and genetic characteristics of the etiological agents, pathogenesis, aspects of epidemiology including the eco-epidemiology of the vectors, the clinical courses of infection, diagnostic tools and clinical management and treatment.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Author:Anke Hildebrandt, Annetta Zintl, Estrella Montero, Klaus-Peter HunfeldORCiD, Jeremy Gray
Parent Title (English):Pathogens
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/09/09
Date of first Publication:2021/09/09
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/04/11
Tag:Babesia divergens; Babesia microti; Babesia venatorum; European babesiosis; Ixodes ricinus; clinical cases; diagnosis; epidemiology; parasite identity; treatment
Issue:9, art. 1165
Page Number:29
First Page:1
Last Page:29
Funding has been provided by a grant from the Society for Promoting Quality Assurance in Medical Laboratories (INSTAND, e.V. Düsseldorf) and a grant from the Health Institute Carlos III (PI20CIII/00037 to EM and LGM), Spain.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0