Hate: toward a four-types model

  • Drawing on insights found in both philosophy and psychology, this paper offers an analysis of hate and distinguishes between its main types. I argue that hate is a sentiment, i.e., a form to regard the other as evil which on certain occasions can be acutely felt. On the basis of this definition, I develop a typology which, unlike the main typologies in philosophy and psychology, does not explain hate in terms of patterns of other affective states. By examining the developmental history and intentional structure of hate, I obtain two variables: the replaceability/irreplaceability of the target and the determinacy/indeterminacy of the focus of concern. The combination of these variables generates the four-types model of hate, according to which hate comes in the following kinds: normative, ideological, retributive, and malicious.
Author:Íngrid Vendrell FerranORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):The review of philosophy and psychology
Publisher:Springer Netherlands
Place of publication:Dordrecht
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/07/13
Date of first Publication:2021/07/13
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/05/11
Tag:Disposition; Emotion; Evil; Hate; Hostile emotions; Sentiment
Issue:online version before inclusion in an issue
Page Number:19
Early View: Online Version before inclusion in an issue
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. This article was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG).
Institutes:Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0