Katharina die II. von Russland. Die kulturelle Übersetzung und der ideologische Transfer vom Westen nach Osten

  • The Western European culture in the 18th century builds an impressive reference framework for the intellectual life in Central and Eastern Europe, where the ideals of the Enlightenment had spread rapidly mainly by means of translations of secularized works from all fields of knowledge. Among these, one should mention a series of historical writings that give account of the great monarchs of the time. In the following study we try to illustrate the concept of “cultural translation” by analysing a historical text about Catherine II of Russia. The Moldavian manuscript illustrates the process in which ideas and concepts have circulated in the European space: it is an Austrian (Habsburg) portrait of a German princess that managed to be crowned empress of Russia under debatable circumstances. This portrait written at the court of Joseph II in 1877 was translated in the same year in Greek and through this intermediary entered the Romanian speaking soil, where it was translated a year after. The circulation of ideas and conceptions respectively misconceptions can be illustrated in then textual mutations that occurred during this cultural transfer process from East to West and then to East again. The ideological and political intent of the text can be also seen in the self-aware translation that aimed to bring plusvalue to the Enlightened discourse of its original text.

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Author:Alexandra ChiriacORCiDGND
Parent Title (German):Germanistische Beiträge
Publisher:Lehrstuhl für Germanistik an der Lucian-Blaga-Universität Sibiu/Hermannstadt
Place of publication:Sibiu / Hermannstadt
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2016
Year of first Publication:2016
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/01/20
Tag:Enlightenment; adaptation strategies; biography; cultural translation; ruler’s mirror
Page Number:21
First Page:290
Last Page:310
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 30 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie / 300 Sozialwissenschaften
9 Geschichte und Geografie / 94 Geschichte Europas / 940 Geschichte Europas
Sammlungen:Germanistik / GiNDok
Zeitschriften / Jahresberichte:Germanistische Beiträge / Germanistische Beiträge 39.2016
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht