Distributed representations of prediction error signals across the cortical hierarchy are synergistic

  • An important question concerning inter-areal communication in the cortex is whether these interactions are synergistic, i.e. convey information beyond what can be performed by isolated signals. In other words, any two signals can either share common information (redundancy) or they can encode complementary information that is only available when both signals are considered together (synergy). Here, we dissociated cortical interactions sharing common information from those encoding complementary information during prediction error processing. To this end, we computed co-information, an information-theoretical measure that distinguishes redundant from synergistic information among brain signals. We analyzed auditory and frontal electrocorticography (ECoG) signals in five common awake marmosets performing two distinct auditory oddball tasks, and investigated to what extent event-related potentials (ERP) and broadband (BB) dynamics exhibit redundancy and synergy for auditory prediction error signals. We observed multiple patterns of redundancy and synergy across the entire cortical hierarchy with distinct dynamics. The information conveyed by ERPs and BB signals was highly synergistic even at lower stages of the hierarchy in the auditory cortex, as well as between lower and higher areas in the frontal cortex. These results indicate that the distributed representations of prediction error signals across the cortical hierarchy can be highly synergistic.

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Author:Frank Gelens, Juho ÄijäläORCiD, Misako KomatsuORCiD, Cem UranORCiD, Michael A. JensenORCiD, Kai J. MillerORCiD, Robin A. A. InceORCiD, Martin VinckORCiD, Andres Canales-JohnsonORCiD
Parent Title (English):bioRxiv
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2023/05/03
Date of first Publication:2023/05/03
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/09/13
Issue:2023.01.12.523735 Version 3
Edition:Version 3
Page Number:23
Institutes:Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / MPI für Hirnforschung
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY-NC-ND - Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen 4.0 International