Transparency, mixing and reflection of initial flows in relativistic nuclear collisions

  • We propose to use the hadron number fluctuations in the limited momentum regions to study the evolution of initial flows in high energy nuclear collisions. In this method by a proper preparation of a collision sample the projectile and target initial flows are marked in fluctuations in the number of colliding nucleons. We discuss three limiting cases of the evolution of flows, transparency, mixing and reflection, and present for them quantitative predictions obtained within several models. Finally, we apply the method to the NA49 results on fluctuations of the negatively charged hadron multiplicity in Pb+Pb interactions at 158A GeV and conclude that the data favor a hydrodynamical model with a significant degree of mixing of the initial flows at the early stage of collisions.

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Author:Marek GaździckiORCiDGND, Mark I. GorensteinORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):Physics Letters B
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u.a.]
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2006
Year of first Publication:2006
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/09/21
Tag:Fluctuations; Longitudinal flow; Relativistic nuclear collisions
Page Number:7
First Page:155
Last Page:161
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
PACS-Classification:20.00.00 NUCLEAR PHYSICS / 25.00.00 Nuclear reactions: specific reactions / 25.75.-q Relativistic heavy-ion collisions (collisions induced by light ions studied to calibrate relativistic heavy-ion collisions should be classified under both 25.75.-q and sections 13 or 25 appropriate to the light ions) / 25.75.Gz Particle correlations and fluctuations
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0