Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 5 (S1P5) knockout ameliorates adenine-induced nephropathy

  • S1P and its receptors have been reported to play important roles in the development of renal fibrosis. Although S1P5 has barely been investigated so far, there are indications that it can influence inflammatory and fibrotic processes. Here, we report the role of S1P5 in renal inflammation and fibrosis. Male S1P5 knockout mice and wild-type mice on a C57BL/6J background were fed with an adenine-rich diet for 7 days or 14 days to induce tubulointerstitial fibrosis. The kidneys of untreated mice served as respective controls. Kidney damage, fibrosis, and inflammation in kidney tissues were analyzed by real-time PCR, Western blot, and histological staining. Renal function was assessed by plasma creatinine ELISA. The S1P5 knockout mice had better renal function and showed less kidney damage, less proinflammatory cytokine release, and less fibrosis after 7 days and 14 days of an adenine-rich diet compared to wild-type mice. S1P5 knockout ameliorates tubular damage and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in a model of adenine-induced nephropathy in mice. Thus, targeting S1P5 might be a promising goal for the pharmacological treatment of kidney diseases.

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Author:Timon Sebastian EckesORCiDGND, Ralf Sammy PatynaGND, Alexander Koch, Anke Oftring, Stefan GauerGND, Nicholas ObermüllerGND, Stephanie SchwalmGND, Liliana SchäferORCiD, Jerold ChunORCiDGND, Hermann-Josef GröneGND, Josef PfeilschifterGND
Parent Title (English):International journal of molecular sciences
Publisher:Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2022/04/02
Date of first Publication:2022/04/02
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2023/12/13
Tag:S1P; S1P5; S1PR5; fibrosis; lysophospholipids; nephropathy; renal inflammation; sphingolipids
Issue:7, art. 3952
Article Number:3952
Page Number:16
First Page:1
Last Page:16
This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (SFB 1039 to J.P. and L.S.) and Jackstädt-Stiftung (to A.K.).
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International