A direct test of the buffer-stock model of saving

  • Recent models with liquidity constraints and impatience emphasize that consumers use savings to buffer income fluctuations. When wealth is below an optimal target, consumers try to increase their buffer stock of wealth by saving more. When it is above target, they increase consumption. This important implication of the buffer stock model of saving has not been subject to direct empirical testing. We derive from the model an appropriate theoretical restriction and test it using data on working-age individuals drawn from the 2002 and 2004 Italian Surveys of Household Income and Wealth. One of the most appealing features of the survey is that it has data on the amount of wealth held for precautionary purposes, which we interpret as target wealth in a buffer stock model. The test results do not support buffer stock behavior, even among population groups that are more likely, a priori, to display such behavior. The saving behavior of young households is instead consistent with models in which impatience, relative to prudence, is not as high as in buffer stock models. JEL Classification: D91

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Metadaten
Author:Tullio JappelliORCiDGND, Mario Padula, Luigi Pistaferri
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-51001
Parent Title (German):Center for Financial Studies (Frankfurt am Main): CFS working paper series ; No. 2007,29
Series (Serial Number):CFS working paper series (2007, 29)
Document Type:Working Paper
Language:English
Year of Completion:2007
Year of first Publication:2007
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2007/11/02
Tag:Buffer Stock Model; Intertemporal Choice; Precautionary Saving
GND Keyword:Sparen; Puffer
Issue:July 2007
Page Number:40
HeBIS-PPN:194621537
Institutes:Wissenschaftliche Zentren und koordinierte Programme / Center for Financial Studies (CFS)
Dewey Decimal Classification:3 Sozialwissenschaften / 33 Wirtschaft / 330 Wirtschaft
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht