Generative grammar

  • Generative Grammar is the label of the most influential research program in linguistics and related fields in the second half of the 20. century. Initiated by a short book, Noam Chomsky's Syntactic Structures (1957), it became one of the driving forces among the disciplines jointly called the cognitive sciences. The term generative grammar refers to an explicit, formal characterization of the (largely implicit) knowledge determining the formal aspect of all kinds of language behavior. The program had a strong mentalist orientation right from the beginning, documented e.g. in a fundamental critique of Skinner's Verbal behavior (1957) by Chomsky (1959), arguing that behaviorist stimulus-response-theories could in no way account for the complexities of ordinary language use. The "Generative Enterprise", as the program was called in 1982, went through a number of stages, each of which was accompanied by discussions of specific problems and consequences within the narrower domain of linguistics as well as the wider range of related fields, such as ontogenetic development, psychology of language use, or biological evolution. Four stages of the Generative Enterprise can be marked off for expository purposes.

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Metadaten
Author:Manfred Bierwisch
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30-1134082
URL:http://www.zas.gwz-berlin.de/fileadmin/mitarbeiter/bierwisch/8_Bierwisch_2001_Generative_Grammar.pdf
Document Type:Part of a Book
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2009/10/13
Year of first Publication:2001
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2009/10/13
GND Keyword:Generative Grammatik; Chomsky, Noam
Page Number:11
Note:
Postprint, zuerst in: Neil J. Smelser, Paul B. Baltes: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. - Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001, S. 6061-6067
Source:http://www.zas.gwz-berlin.de/fileadmin/mitarbeiter/bierwisch/8_Bierwisch_2001_Generative_Grammar.pdf ; Neil J. Smelser, Paul B. Baltes: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. - Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001, S. 6061-6067
HeBIS-PPN:219408114
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 40 Sprache / 400 Sprache
Sammlungen:Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Grammatikforschung / Grammar research
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht