Inhibition in the dynamics of selective attention: an integrative model for negative priming

  • We introduce a computational model of the negative priming (NP) effect that includes perception, memory, attention, decision making, and action. The model is designed to provide a coherent picture across competing theories of NP. The model is formulated in terms of abstract dynamics for the activations of features, their binding into object entities, their semantic categorization as well as related memories and appropriate reactions. The dynamic variables interact in a connectionist network which is shown to be adaptable to a variety of experimental paradigms. We find that selective attention can be modeled by means of inhibitory processes and by a threshold dynamics. From the necessity of quantifying the experimental paradigms, we conclude that the specificity of the experimental paradigm must be taken into account when predicting the nature of the NP effect.

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Author:Hecke Schrobsdorff, Matthias Mittner, Jörg Behrendt, Marcus HasselhornGND, J. Michael Herrmann
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):Frontiers in psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of publication:Lausanne
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2012/11/15
Date of first Publication:2012/11/15
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/02/25
Tag:computational modeling; connectionist models; negative priming; selective attention
Issue:Article 491
Page Number:21
Copyright: © 2012 Schrobsdorff, Ihrke, Behrendt, Hasselhorn and Herrmann. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.
Institutes:Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung (DIPF)
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 3.0