Early developmental influences on adult language processing: exploring the locus of age-of-acquisition effects in producing and comprehending single words

  • The comprehension and production of single words involve a variety of processing stages. Which stages need to be accessed differs depending on whether objects (pictures in an experimental environment) or words are supposed to be named. Naming tasks are often employed in psycholinguistic studies in order to provide an insight into the function of mental processes during word production. Differences in naming latencies and naming accuracy between words suggest that the retrieval of some lexical items is easier or more difficult in contrast to others. The relative ease of word retrieval has been found to be strongly influenced by properties of these words, such as familiarity and written or spoken frequency. Exploring which variables affect naming speed and accuracy will allow gaining more information about the storage and processing of words in general. If a variable has a discernable effect on a specific experimental task, the localization of this effect is of interest for psycholinguistic research. This is because finding the locus of the effect can help specify models of speech production with respect to what processes occur at which stage of lexical retrieval. Additionally, identifying which variables influence language processing is inevitable in order to control for these variables when necessary. Otherwise variance in naming latencies could not be explained by the variable that was to be tested because other, uncontrolled variables could have altered the results.

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Author:Jessica Ernst
Series (Serial Number):Bochumer linguistische Arbeitsberichte : BLA (9)
Publisher:Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Sprachwiss. Inst.
Place of publication:Bochum
Document Type:Working Paper
Year of Completion:2012
Year of first Publication:2012
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2013/11/14
GND Keyword:Sprachverstehen; Spracherwerb; Fremdsprachenlernen
Page Number:37
Dewey Decimal Classification:4 Sprache / 41 Linguistik / 410 Linguistik
Linguistik-Klassifikation:Linguistik-Klassifikation: Zweitspracherwerb/Fremdspracherwerb / Second language acquisition/Foreign language acquisition
Linguistik-Klassifikation: Spracherwerb / Language acquisition
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht