Novel three-dimensional in vitro models of ovarian endometriosis

  • Background: Endometriosis is characterized by the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. It affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. This chronic condition commonly leads to consequences such as pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, infertility and an elevated risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. Despite the prevalence of endometriosis and its impact on women's lives, there are relatively few in vitro and in vivo models available for studying the complex disease biology, pathophysiology, and for use in the preclinical development of novel therapies. The goal of this study was to develop a novel three-dimensional (3D) cell culture model of ovarian endometriosis and to test whether it is more reflective of endometriosis biology than traditional two dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures. Methods: A novel ovarian endometriosis epithelial cell line (EEC16) was isolated from a 34-year old female with severe endometriosis. After characterization of cells using in vitro assays, western blotting and RNA-sequencing, this cell line and a second, already well characterized endometriosis cell line, EEC12Z, were established as in vitro 3D spheroid models. We compared biological features of 3D spheroids to 2D cultures and human endometriosis lesions using immunohistochemistry and real-time semi-quantitative PCR. Results: In comparison to normal ovarian epithelial cells, EEC16 displayed features of neoplastic transformation in in vitro assays. When cultured in 3D, EEC16 and EEC12Z showed differential expression of endometriosis-associated genes compared to 2D monolayer cultures, and more closely mimicked the molecular and histological features of human endometriosis lesions. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this represents the first report of an in vitro spheroid model of endometriosis. 3D endometriosis models represent valuable experimental tools for studying EEC biology and the development of novel therapeutic approaches.

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Metadaten
Author:Dörthe BrüggmannORCiDGND, Claire Templeman, Anna Starzinski-Powitz, Nagesh P. Rao, Simon A. Gayther, Kate Lawrenson
URN:urn:nbn:de:hebis:30:3-330312
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-2215-7-17
ISSN:1757-2215
Pubmed Id:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24502583
Parent Title (English):Journal of ovarian research
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Year of Completion:2014
Date of first Publication:2014/02/06
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2014/03/27
Tag:Cell culture; Endometriosis; Ovary; RNA sequencing; Real-time semi-quantitative PCR; Three-dimensional in vitro modeling
Volume:7
Issue:17
Page Number:11
Note:
© 2014 Brueggmann et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
HeBIS-PPN:364362553
Institutes:Biowissenschaften / Biowissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Sammlungen:Universitätspublikationen
Sammlung Biologie / Sondersammelgebiets-Volltexte
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 2.0