Genesis, goals and achievements of long-term ecological research at the global scale : a critical review of ILTER and future directions

  • Since its founding in 1993 the International Long-term Ecological Research Network (ILTER) has gone through pronounced development phases. The current network comprises 44 active member LTER networks representing 700 LTER Sites and ~ 80 LTSER Platforms across all continents, active in the fields of ecosystem, critical zone and socio-ecological research. The critical challenges and most important achievements of the initial phase have now become state-of-the-art in networking for excellent science. At the same time increasing integration, accelerating technology, networking of resources and a strong pull for more socially relevant scientific information have been modifying the mission and goals of ILTER. This article provides a critical review of ILTER's mission, goals, development and impacts. Major characteristics, tools, services, partnerships and selected examples of relative strengths relevant for advancing ILTER are presented. We elaborate on the tradeoffs between the needs of the scientific community and stakeholder expectations. The embedding of ILTER in an increasingly collaborative landscape of global environmental observation and ecological research networks and infrastructures is also reflected by developments of pioneering regional and national LTER networks such as SAEON in South Africa, CERN/CEOBEX in China, TERN in Australia or eLTER RI in Europe. The primary role of ILTER is currently seen as a mechanism to investigate ecosystem structure, function, and services in response to a wide range of environmental forcings using long-term, place-based research. We suggest four main fields of activities and advancements for the next decade through development/delivery of a: (1) Global multi-disciplinary community of researchers and research institutes; (2) Strategic global framework and strong partnerships in ecosystem observation and research; (3) Global Research Infrastructure (GRI); and (4) a scientific knowledge factory for societally relevant information on sustainable use of natural resources.
Author:Michael Mirtl, Elizabeth T. Borer, Ika Djukic, Martin Forsius, Herbert Haubold, Wim Hugo, Jonas JourdanORCiDGND, David Lindenmayer, William H. McDowell, Hiroyuki Muraoka, Daniel E. Orenstein, Johan C. Pauw, Johannes Peterseil, Hideaki Shibata, Christoph Wohner, Xiubo Yu, Peter Haase
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (English):The science of the total environment
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Place of publication:Amsterdam [u. a.]
Contributor(s):Jay Gan
Document Type:Article
Year of Completion:2018
Date of first Publication:2018/02/19
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Release Date:2018/07/03
Tag:Biodiversity; Data management; Ecosystems; Environment; Observation; Socio-ecology
Page Number:24
First Page:1439
Last Page:1462
Under a Creative Commons license
Institutes:Angeschlossene und kooperierende Institutionen / Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft
Biowissenschaften / Institut für Ökologie, Evolution und Diversität
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 57 Biowissenschaften; Biologie / 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitung 4.0