Clinical results of mean GTV dose optimized robotic guided SBRT for liver metastases

  • BACKGROUND: We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of gross tumor volume (GTV) mean-dose-optimized and real-time motion-compensated robotic stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in the treatment of liver metastases. METHODS: Between March 2011 and July 2015, 52 patients were treated with SBRT for a total of 91 liver metastases (one to four metastases per patient) with a median GTV volume of 12 cc (min 1 cc, max 372 cc). The optimization of mean GTV dose was prioritized during treatment planning at the potential cost of planning target volume (PTV) coverage reduction while adhering to safe normal tissue constraints. The delivered median GTV biological effective dose (BED10) was 142.1 Gy10 (range, 60.2 Gy10 -165.3 Gy10) and the prescribed PTV BED10 ranged from 40.6 Gy10 to 112.5 Gy10 (median, 86.1 Gy10). We analyzed local control (LC), progression-free interval (PFI), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 17 months (range, 2-49 months). The 2-year actuarial LC, PFI, and OS rates were 82.1, 17.7, and 45.0 %, and the median PFI and OS were 9 and 23 months, respectively. In univariate analysis histology (p < 0.001), PTV prescription BED10 (HR 0.95, CI 0.91-0.98, p = 0.002) and GTV mean BED10 (HR 0.975, CI 0.954-0.996, p = 0.011) were predictive for LC. Multivariate analysis showed that only extrahepatic disease status at time of treatment was a significant factor (p = 0.033 and p = 0.009, respectively) for PFI and OS. Acute nausea or fatigue grade 1 was observed in 24.1 % of the patients and only 1 patient (1.9 %) had a side effect of grade ≥ 2. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic real-time motion-compensated SBRT is a safe and effective treatment for one to four liver metastases. Reducing the PTV prescription dose and keeping a high mean GTV dose allowed the reduction of toxicity while maintaining a high local control probability for the treated lesions.

Download full text files

Export metadata

Additional Services

Share in Twitter Search Google Scholar
Author:Nicolaus Andratschke, Parys Alan, Susanne Stadtfeld, Stefan Wurster, Stefan Huttenlocher, Detlef Imhoff, Müjdat Yildirim, Dirk Rades, Claus RödelORCiDGND, Jürgen Dunst, Guido Hildebrandt, Oliver Blanck
Pubmed Id:
Parent Title (German):Radiation Oncology
Publisher:BioMed Central
Place of publication:London
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2016/05/28
Date of first Publication:2016/05/28
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Date of final exam:2008/03/14
Release Date:2016/06/07
Tag:CyberKnife robotic radiosurgery; Gross tumor volume optimization; Liver metastases; Stereotactic body radiation therapy
Page Number:10
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Institutes:Medizin / Medizin
Dewey Decimal Classification:6 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften / 61 Medizin und Gesundheit / 610 Medizin und Gesundheit
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0