Group II oxide grains: how massive are their AGB star progenitors?

  • Presolar grains and their isotopic compositions provide valuable constraints to AGB star nucleosynthesis. However, there is a sample of O- and Al-rich dust, known as group 2 oxide grains, whose origin is difficult to address. On the one hand, the 17O/16O isotopic ratios shown by those grains are similar to the ones observed in low-mass red giant stars. On the other hand, their large 18O depletion and 26Al enrichment are challenging to account for. Two different classes of AGB stars have been proposed as progenitors of this kind of stellar dust: intermediate mass AGBs with hot bottom burning, or low mass AGBs where deep mixing is at play. Our models of low-mass AGB stars with a bottom-up deep mixing are shown to be likely progenitors of group 2 grains, reproducing together the 17O/16O, 18O/16O and 26Al/27Al values found in those grains and being less sensitive to nuclear physics inputs than our intermediate-mass models with hot bottom burning.

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Author:Sara PalmeriniORCiD, Sergio CristalloORCiD, Luciano PiersantiORCiD, Diego VescoviORCiD, Maurizio BussoORCiD
Parent Title (English):Universe
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/06/01
Date of first Publication:2021/06/01
Publishing Institution:Universit├Ątsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/12/21
Tag:AGB star; Nucleosynthesis-Star; abundances; isotopic abundance; presolar grain; reaction rate
Issue:6, art. 175
Page Number:15
First Page:1
Last Page:15
D.V. acknowledges the financial support of the German-Israeli Foundation (GIF No. I-1500- 303.7/2019).
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0