Signatures of quark gluon plasma formation in high-energy heavy ion collisions : a critical review

  • Ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions offer the unique opportunity to probe highly excited dense nuclear matter under controlled laboratory conditions. The compelling driving force for such studies is the expectation that an entirely new form of matter may be created from such reactions. That form of matter, called the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP), is the QCD analogue of the plasma phase of ordinary atomic matter. However, unlike such ordinary plasmas, the deconfined quanta of a QGP are not directly observable because of the fundamental confining property of the physical QCD vacuum. What is observable are hadronic and leptonic residues of the transient QGP state. There is a large variety of such individual probes.

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Author:Steffen A. BassORCiDGND, Miklos GyulassyORCiD, Horst StöckerORCiDGND, Walter GreinerGND
Document Type:Preprint
Date of Publication (online):2005/12/08
Year of first Publication:1998
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2005/12/08
Tag:Kollisionen schwerer Ionen; Quark-Gluon-Plasma
Quark Gluon Plasma; heavy ion collisions
Source:Report-no: INT preprint DOE/ER/40561-11-INT98 ; Journal-ref: J.Phys. G25 (1999) R1-R57 ; Version 2
Institutes:Physik / Physik
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 53 Physik / 530 Physik
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht