Compositional variability of Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, and Na/Ca in the deep-sea bivalve Acesta excavata (Fabricius, 1779)

  • Acesta excavata (Fabricius, 1779) is a slow growing bivalve from the Limidae family and is often found associated with cold-water coral reefs along the European continental margin. Here we present the compositional variability of frequently used proxy elemental ratios (Mg/ Ca, Sr/Ca, Na/Ca) measured by laser-ablation mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) and com- pare it to in-situ recorded instrumental seawater parameters such as temperature and salin- ity. Shell Mg/Ca measured in the fibrous calcitic shell section was overall not correlated with seawater temperature or salinity; however, some samples show significant correlations with temperature with a sensitivity that was found to be unusually high in comparison to other marine organisms. Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca measured in the fibrous calcitic shell section display significant negative correlations with the linear extension rate of the shell, which indicates strong vital effects in these bivalves. Multiple linear regression analysis indicates that up to 79% of elemental variability is explicable with temperature and salinity as independent pre- dictor values. Yet, the overall results clearly show that the application of Element/Ca (E/Ca) ratios in these bivalves to reconstruct past changes in temperature and salinity is likely to be complicated due to strong vital effects and the effects of organic material embedded in the shell. Therefore, we suggest to apply additional techniques, such as clumped isotopes, in order to exactly determine and quantify the underlying vital effects and possibly account for these. We found differences in the chemical composition between the two calcitic shell lay- ers that are possibly explainable through differences of the crystal morphology. Sr/Ca ratios also appear to be partly controlled by the amount of magnesium, because the small magne- sium ions bend the crystal lattice which increases the space for strontium incorporation. Oxi- dative cleaning with H2O2 did not significantly change the Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca composition of the shell. Na/Ca ratios decreased after the oxidative cleaning, which is most likely a leaching effect and not caused by the removal of organic matter.
Author:Nicolai SchleinkoferORCiDGND, Jacek RaddatzORCiDGND, David EvansORCiD, Axel GerdesORCiDGND, Sascha Flögel, Silke VoigtORCiDGND, Janina Büscher, Max Wisshak
Parent Title (English):PLOS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Place of publication:San Francisco
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/30
Date of first Publication:2021/04/30
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2021/06/30
Tag:Bivalves; Calcite; Coral reefs; Crystals; Ocean temperature; Organic materials; Reefs; Salinity
Issue:4, art. e0245605
Page Number:24
First Page:1
Last Page:24
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
Open-Access-Publikationsfonds:Geowissenschaften / Geographie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0