Resilience interventions conducted in western and eastern countries — a systematic review

  • Previous research has demonstrated the efficacy of psychological interventions to foster resilience. However, little is known about whether the cultural context in which resilience interventions are implemented affects their efficacy on mental health. Studies performed in Western (k = 175) and Eastern countries (k = 46) regarding different aspects of interventions (setting, mode of delivery, target population, underlying theoretical approach, duration, control group design) and their efficacy on resilience, anxiety, depressive symptoms, quality of life, perceived stress, and social support were compared. Interventions in Eastern countries were longer in duration and tended to be more often conducted in group settings with a focus on family caregivers. We found evidence for larger effect sizes of resilience interventions in Eastern countries for improving resilience (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28 to 0.67; p < 0.0001; 43 studies; 6248 participants; I2 = 97.4%). Intercultural differences should receive more attention in resilience intervention research. Future studies could directly compare interventions in different cultural contexts to explain possible underlying causes for differences in their efficacy on mental health outcomes.

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Author:Manpreet Blessin, Sophie Lehmann, Angela Mareike KunzlerORCiDGND, Rolf van DickORCiDGND, Klaus LiebORCiDGND
Parent Title (English):International journal of environmental research and public health : IJERPH
Publisher:MDPI AG
Place of publication:Basel
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2022/06/05
Date of first Publication:2022/06/05
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/08/02
Tag:anxiety; cultural psychology; depression; intervention; mental health; perceived stress; quality of life; resilience; social support
Article Number:6913
Page Number:25
First Page:1
Last Page:25
This work was funded by the Leibniz Gemeinschaft (Grant Number K83/2017). The grant was awarded to undertake the Leibniz Collaborative Excellence project ‘Resilience Factors in a diachronic and intercultural Perspective’. The project provides a collaboration of the Leibniz Research Institute for Archaeology—Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, the Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research (LIR) and the Johannes Gutenberg University (all three in Mainz, Germany), the Romano-Germanic Commission (RGK) of the German Archaeological Institute and the Goethe University (both in Frankfurt a. M.) as well as the Technical University (TU) of Darmstadt.
Institutes:Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften
Dewey Decimal Classification:1 Philosophie und Psychologie / 15 Psychologie / 150 Psychologie
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung 4.0