The power of trichlorosilylation: isolable trisilylated allyl anions, allyl radicals, and allenyl anions

  • Treatment of hexachloropropene (Cl2C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(Cl)–CCl3) with Si2Cl6 and [nBu4N]Cl (1 : 4 : 1) in CH2Cl2 results in a quantitative conversion to the trisilylated, dichlorinated allyl anion salt [nBu4N][Cl2C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(SiCl3)–C(SiCl3)2] ([nBu4N][1]). Tetrachloroallene Cl2C[double bond, length as m-dash]C[double bond, length as m-dash]CCl2 was identified as the first intermediate of the reaction cascade. In the solid state, [1]− adopts approximate Cs symmetry with a dihedral angle between the planes running through the olefinic and carbanionic fragments of [1]− of C[double bond, length as m-dash]C–Si//Si–C–Si = 78.3(1)°. One-electron oxidation of [nBu4N][1] with SbCl5 furnishes the distillable blue radical 1˙. The neutral propene Cl2C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(SiCl3)–C(SiCl3)2H (2) was obtained by (i) protonation of [1]− with HOSO2CF3 (HOTf) or (ii) H-atom transfer to 1˙ from 1,4-cyclohexadiene. Quantitative transformation of all three SiCl3 substituents in 2 to Si(OMe)3 (2OMe) or SiMe3 (2Me) substituents was achieved by using MeOH/NMe2Et or MeMgBr in CH2Cl2 or THF, respectively. Upon addition of 2 equiv. of tBuLi, 2Me underwent deprotonation with subsequent LiCl elimination, 1,2-SiMe3 migration and Cl/Li exchange to afford the allenyl lithium compound Me3Si(Li)C[double bond, length as m-dash]C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(SiMe3)2 (Li[4]), which is an efficient building block for the introduction of Me, SiMe3, or SnMe3 (5) groups. The trisilylated, monochlorinated allene Cl3Si(Cl)C[double bond, length as m-dash]C[double bond, length as m-dash]C(SiCl3)2 (6), was obtained from [nBu4N][1] through Cl−-ion abstraction with AlCl3 and rearrangement in CH2Cl2 (1˙ forms as a minor side product, likely because the system AlCl3/CH2Cl2 can also act as a one-electron oxidant).

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Author:Isabelle Georg, Markus Bursch, Burkhard EndewardORCiD, Michael BolteORCiD, Hans-Wolfram LernerORCiDGND, Stefan Grimme, Matthias WagnerORCiD
Parent Title (English):Chemical science
Place of publication:Cambridge
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2021/08/13
Date of first Publication:2021/08/13
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Release Date:2022/04/19
Page Number:10
First Page:12419
Last Page:12428
I. G. wishes to thank the Evonik Foundation for a PhD grant. This work was partially funded by the Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie through the WIPANO grant number 03THW10K19. The German Research Foundation (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged for financial support through a Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz prize to S. G.
Institutes:Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 54 Chemie / 540 Chemie und zugeordnete Wissenschaften
Licence (English):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Nicht kommerziell 4.0