Early Pleistocene environments before, during and after the first expansion of early Homo into Southern Spain

  • One of the most important events in human history occurred during the Early Pleistocene: the dispersal of early hominins out of Africa and into Europe and Asia. In Western Europe, the earliest evidences of the genus Homo have been found in the Baza Basin, at the sites of Orce in the SE of the Iberian Peninsula. These sites contain fossils and lithic industry dated approximately as 1.4–1.3 Ma.While hominin remains and artifacts at Orce, as well as the accompanying fauna, have been extensively studied, the properties and evolution of the Early Pleistocene vegetation in the basin remain unknown. The general effect of climate change on the expansion of early hominins from Africa into Eurasia still remains unclear. It is not known if the Early Pleistocene climate changes and the development of glacials periods led to the extirpation of European communities, or if those communities were able to endure and persist through such adverse climatic periods. This open question highlights the need for climate and environmental analyses for the time before, during and after the first presence of Homo in Europe. This PhD thesis contributes to that need by the presentation of the first long pollen record of the Baza Basin, where the oldest hominin sites in Western Europe are found.

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Author:Yul Altolaguirre Zancajo
Place of publication:Frankfurt am Main
Referee:Angela A. Bruch, Andreas MulchORCiD
Advisor:Angela A. Bruch
Document Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date of Publication (online):2022/03/21
Year of first Publication:2021
Publishing Institution:Universitätsbibliothek Johann Christian Senckenberg
Granting Institution:Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Date of final exam:2022/02/28
Release Date:2022/03/21
Tag:geology; paleoanthropology; paleoecology; paleontology; palynology
Page Number:207

Yul Altolaguirre, José M. Postigo-Mijarra, Eduardo Barrón, José S. Carrión, Suzanne A.G. Leroy, Angela A. Bruch. An environmental scenario for the earliest hominins in the Iberian Peninsula: Early Pleistocene palaeovegetation and palaeoclimate. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Volume 260, 2019, Pages 51-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.10.008. 

Yul Altolaguirre, Angela A. Bruch, Luis Gibert. A long Early Pleistocene pollen record from Baza Basin (SE Spain): Major contributions to the palaeoclimate and palaeovegetation of Southern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume 231, 2020, 106199, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106199. 

Yul Altolaguirre, Meike Schulz, Luis Gibert, Angela A. Bruch. Mapping Early Pleistocene environments and the availability of plant food as a potential driver of early Homo presence in the Guadix-Baza Basin (Spain). Journal of Human Evolution, Volume 155, 2021, 102986, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2021.102986.
Institutes:Geowissenschaften / Geographie
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 55 Geowissenschaften, Geologie / 550 Geowissenschaften
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 56 Fossilien, Paläontologie / 560 Paläontologie; Paläozoologie
5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 58 Pflanzen (Botanik) / 580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
Licence (German):License LogoDeutsches Urheberrecht